[2015-2016] Vol. 94, Iss.4 The Review Crew


Vol. 94, Iss. 4


Lauren Reeves

Anna Belmonte
Assistant Editor

Editing Team

Lauren Reeves
Anna Belmonte
Teagan Schwab

In This Issue

Sarah Goetze
Teagan Schwab
Grace McDowell
Marquis Cherry
Erica Pour
Alexandria Deiters
Lauren Reeves
Anna Belmonte

The McKendree Review is a student-run organization of McKendree University. The mission of The McKendree Review is to give students the opportunity to learn the news process and publish articles pertaining to their opinions and ideas.

The staff does not agree with all statements and opinions,
which rightfully belong to their writers.

The McKendree Review Office can be found in
Eisenmayer 208 on the McKendree Campus, at
701 College Rd., Lebanon, IL, 62254.

Staff can be reached by email at mckreview@mckendree.edu.

Leditor from the Editor

Welcome to another exciting edition of the McKendree Review! We are very excited about this issue!

We would like to thank all of our readers for keeping up with the McKendree Review as we have moved online. As a special treat, we have an exciting announcement. Our next issue will be a printed edition! It will contain articles from past issues along with a few new articles. It will be a semester in review! Since we will have a printed issue around the time of school breaks, we will not post an online issue until we return after the new year. We will still post stories that require special attention when need be. Look for the printed edition on newsstands in December! Continue reading

Hunger and Homelessness Awareness Week 2015

Don’t forget Nov. 15 – 21 is Hunger and Homelessness Awareness Week! The Lyn Huxford Center for Community Service is putting on many events throughout the week.

Photo Credit: Lyn Huxford Center for Community Service Facebook page

Photo Credit: Lyn Huxford Center for Community Service Facebook page

Nov. 13 – 19

Canned Goods Sculpture Contest – Campus-wide

Build a beautiful sculpture for a good cause. All proceeds will be donated to a local food pantry.

Monday, Nov. 16

Faculty Fashion Show  At noon in Ames Dining Hall

Check out your favorite faculty member modeling outfits that will be donated to a local shelter as a full set. Continue reading

A Further Look into the Mold in Clark

Staff Writer

Sally Mayhew, Vice President of Administration and Finance, provided a closer look at what conditions in Clark Hall posed a health hazard and what was done to clean the building and make it safe for faculty and staff to move back into.

Mold on the AC. Photo Credit: Brent Reeves

Mold on the AC in Director of Multicultural Affairs Brent Reeves’ office. Photo Credit: Brent Reeves

In old buildings, like we have at McKendree, deteriorating foundations are not uncommon. As they age, cracks form imperceptibly, which allows water to leak inside the building. Around Clark Hall, outside drainage improvements helped move water away from the building in heavy rains, but even this measure wasn’t enough to ensure water-tightness during heavy rainfall. Cracks in the foundations may have been responsible for letting in damaging amounts of water that led to the mold issues experienced in Clark.

The first indicator that there was excessive mold came in the form of illnesses. Director of Show Choir Adam Pulver came down with pneumonia earlier in the semester, but it’s difficult to know the cause and whether or not the ailment came from exposure to mold. Mayhew emphasized that people have allergies to any number of things and even different types of mold. And, since mold exists in any building or outdoor space, people with sensitivities to it will experience symptoms.

However, a notable number of faculty and staff working out of Clark Hall experienced health issues, such as difficulty breathing, coughs and other allergy symptoms. One person came down with bronchitis. While it’s impossible to know the cause of these various health issues, the number of people experiencing them in one semester was abnormal and warranted investigation. Continue reading

McKendree Role Models: A look inside

Staff Writer

Captain. Resident Assistant. Coordinator. Peer Mentor. Those are just a few leadership positions that McKendree students have the honor of holding. These elect few walk around campus and shine in these roles. But, what is it really like to be a student leader here at good ole McK?

According to sophomore Matthew Roberts, “It’s a lot of fun. And it’s enjoyable. You get to help those younger than you and those who are older than you strive for greatness. It feels nice to have people look up to you.”

Matthew Roberts with the Marching Bearcats at an exciting football game. Photo Credit: Matthew Roberts

Matthew Roberts with the Marching Bearcats at an exciting football game. Photo Credit: Matthew Roberts

Roberts is one of the drum majors in the Marching Band, a choral captain in the Show Choir, and the student director of first year Student Ambassadors. With all of those activities, he really knows how to stay organized. “It’s enough to keep you busy. I have thought about cutting back, but you can’t pull yourself to do it. You enjoy what you do so much that you don’t want to take anything away. You will sacrifice a few hours of sleep.”

He credits most of his organizational success to calendars. “I am a big fan of calendars. If it’s not in the calendar, then it’s just not going to happen,” says Roberts.

However, he does admit that being a student leader on campus comes with a lot of stress. “It does put stress on you: good stress though. You have to make sure that you are always being that role model leading by example because there is always somebody watching.” Continue reading

Thankful Thursday vs. Black Friday

Staff Writer

It is the American tradition. Stuff your face with turkey on Thursday while feeling thankful with family, and then push others out of your way on Friday to steal a deal on a 60-inch flat screen TV. According to moneycrashers.com, Black Friday, the shopper’s holiday, is the biggest shopping day of the year.

In recent years, stores have opened their doors at earlier times than ever before. Last year, Macy’s and Target opened at 6 p.m. on Thanksgiving Day. Some families may still be having Thanksgiving dinner at this time! This year, however, there has been a recent trend of stores refusing to open on Thanksgiving. A list of the stores announced so far can be found on http://www.oregonlive.com. Some major stores on the list include Barnes & Noble, Ikea, Staples and T.J. Maxx.

Sporting goods retailer, REI, has taken it one step further and announced they will not even be open on Black Friday. Instead, they are encouraging consumers to go outside and explore other activities. In an article from USA Today, REI CEO Jerry Stritzke explains, “As a co-op…we define success a little differently. It’s much broader than just money. How effectively do we get people outside?” REI has started the hashtag “#optoutside” and hope customers will post on social media their alternate plans for Black Friday.

Sophomore Chandler Airaghi explains her usual Black Friday plan of attack. “I always look at the ads Thanksgiving night. I look and see what I want and when the deals are. I go to Target and the mall for sure every year.” Target is one store that plans to open on Thanksgiving. Airaghi gives her opinion on Thanksgiving sales: “Stores should not start their sales any earlier than 10 p.m. on Thanksgiving.” Airaghi understands that opening at 10 p.m. on Thanksgiving night could help beat out other competition and help to market their products.

Pictured: Cecily May ’18 and Grace McDowell ’16 enjoying a day out shopping. Photo Credit: Grace McDowell

Pictured: Cecily May ’18 and Grace McDowell ’16 enjoying a day out shopping. Photo Credit: Grace McDowell

For Cecily May, people-watching is one of her favorite parts of Black Friday. “I like watching people to see how far they will go to get what they want.” May has a tradition of going to her sister’s for Thanksgiving Day and begins shopping for early Christmas deals that night. “We usually wait outside Target on Thanksgiving night, sometimes for up to an hour. After shopping at Target, we head to Wal-Mart. Then, we go to Menard’s, and by that time it is the middle of the night.”

May believes there is no problem with stores opening on Thanksgiving, as long as you spend time with family before you head into the madness. She goes on to say, “However, if stores keep opening earlier, then I think there will be no Thanksgiving. People will just be shopping all throughout the holiday.”

Retailers such as IKEA and T.J. Maxx may be starting the trend for others. Will we see more stores taking a stand against being open on Thanksgiving? Time will tell. As for now, enjoy your pumpkin pie and afternoon football before trekking into the wilderness of what is known as Black Friday.

McKendree reads the summary, not the book

Staff Writer

On Monday, your professor assigns 80 pages of reading due Wednesday. Instantly, you come down with the Monday blues. With other homework, that big paper due and early morning workouts, you have no time to read 80 pages on something you’re not sure you will be tested on. You decide to skip the reading and opt for a quick skim of SparkNotes before class begins Wednesday morning. This begs the question: how much do McKendree students actually read? The answer: they don’t read much at all.

Stacking over a foot tall, one semester’s books can appear intimidating. Photo Credit: Erica Pour

Stacking over a foot tall, one semester’s books can appear intimidating. Photo Credit: Erica Pour

Of 22 McKendree students who participated in an online survey, a shocking 21 students admitted to “cheating” on their reading assignments from time to time. Even for English majors, nightly reading can be out of control.

Kris Buckman, a senior English major, agrees that the reading can be a hassle.

Buckman says, “Professors think they are your only professor and their class is the only class you are taking. They want you to understand concepts but often don’t understand we are taking four other classes and work.”

Undoubtedly, college reading is a necessary practice, but it can be overwhelming for many students. In fact, 70 percent of students surveyed believe they are assigned more than three hours of reading per night, but 90 percent of those same students admit to spending little to no time at all on assigned reading.

To graduate from McKendree, two intensive writing courses are required. It’s no surprise that with this, intensive reading comes into play. The truth is, the majority of intensive studies actually happening are of summary websites like SparkNotes.

90 percent of students surveyed also believe that they have the ability to get through reading required courses without opening a book. At McKendree, the popular expression, “I graduated college without opening a book,” may actually reign true.

Women’s Volleycats: The Road to Postseason

Staff Writer

With a record of 15-8 and a conference record of 9-2, the McKendree women’s volleyball team is “digging” their way to postseason. In last year’s postseason, the team made it to the GLVC championship and lost, but they were still qualified for nationals before falling to Truman State in the first round. The bearcats are hoping for an ever better postseason this year.

Pictured: Sophie Fairman and Lauren Apetz Photo Credit: McKendree Volleyball Twitter Account

Pictured: Sophie Fairman and Lauren Apetz
Photo Credit: McKendree Volleyball Twitter Account

Sophomore Maria Rasch comments on how the team is preparing: “Our team is prepping for postseason by getting stronger in the weight room to be able to last for all the tough five match sets, all the way until the end of the NCAA tournament.” Comparing to last year, Rasch believes the team will clinch the GLVC conference and advance to the elite eight in the NCAA tournament this postseason.

So, what makes the women’s volleyball team so successful? What dynamics are put in place on and off the court?

Junior Sophie Fairman answers this question: “I think what is really special with our team is that everyone on the team both talks and listens to each other. No one person dominates the team, and we all value each other’s presence on the court. We are all onboard to get to the same goal, to be the best team and win.”

The volleycats have recently made some impressive accomplishments. They overpowered one of their biggest rivals, the Lewis Flyers. Lewis was ranked 18th in the nation at the time and is ranked first in the GLVC East Division. With an impressive record of 22-2, beating Lewis was a major achievement. The volleycats have also recently defeated Staginaw Valley State, ranked 25th in the nation. The volleycats’ perseverance and hard work have paid off when standing against these high-ranked teams.

Rasch described what is involved in a typical McKendree volleyball practice. “Practices are really relaxed,” she says. “We usually watch a film for 30 minutes. Then, we just warm up with serve and pass for 30 minutes and play for an hour. We get to listen to music, and we have push-up contests for which team gets to serve.”

The team’s senior night was held Nov. 7 at 3 p.m. against Drury University. Seniors Jaden McBride, Hannah Wessel, Taylor Voss and Lauren Apetz were honored. The volleycats won in an exciting three-set sweep.

Apetz reflected on the special night. “I loved all of the support I got from my family, friends and teammates. I also loved getting the final kill of the match. It brought me to tears. It is crazy to think that my collegiate career is almost over, and I can’t wait to see how far we go this year.”

With the countless hours spent together on and off the court, it is no wonder these girls have bonded over this sport. Fairman reflects: “The coaching staff definitely has brought together and created a family that not many other teams are lucky enough to be a part of. I can say with one hundred percent honesty that I love and cherish each and every one of my teammates and their friendship.”

On the subject of school spirit and support at their volleyball matches, Fairman thinks this year has been the best yet that she has seen. She commends the football team for their energy that creates a fun atmosphere at home matches.

For the bearcats that have never attended a McKendree women’s volleyball match, Rasch says you are missing out. “We are not the ones losing,” she says. “You are.”

Cheer the women’s volleyball team on as they inch closer to postseason!

Pictured: Bailey Kampwerth '17, Rasch '18, Apetz '16, and Aubrey Dickmann '17 Photo Credit: McKendree Volleyball Twitter Account

Pictured: Bailey Kampwerth ’17, Rasch ’18, Apetz ’16 and Aubrey Dickmann ’17
Photo Credit: McKendree Volleyball Twitter Account

Easy College Recipes

Staff Writer

What college students have time to cook? We have sports, clubs and events that we are all part of, and no one really has time to cook. So I guess it’s fast food for dinner…again.

Photo Credit: BethBee Etsy

Photo Credit: BethBee Etsy

However, what if you could do all your activities and have dinner waiting for you when you get home? Now you can! There are easy recipes that you can prepare in less than 20 minutes to make your nights easier when you come home late at night.

These recipes will tell you exactly what you need and exactly how to mix and cook them. These recipes include Kristian’s Crockpot Tacos, BBQ Green Beans and Puppy Chow.

Kristian’s Crockpot Tacos


  • Chicken or Beef
  • Onions
  • Peppers
  • Taco Seasoning
  • Salsa
  • Sour Cream
  • Cheese
  • Lettuce
  • Taco shells

In the morning, put your meat, onions, peppers and taco seasoning in a crockpot on high for about six hours. This gives you time to go to class, practice or even get homework done. After those six hours, they are ready to go! Get your taco shells, add the meat and onions and any toppings you may want. Enjoy!

The second recipe is BBQ Green Beans. This is a side dish that you can add to any main dish, or you can even eat it by yourself because they are that good!

BBQ Green Beans


  • 3 cans green beans
  • 4 strips of bacon, cut up and fried
  • 1 medium onion
  • 1 cup catsup
  • 1 cup brown sugar

Mix all your ingredients into a small bowl and pour it over 3 cans of drained cut green beans (fresh green beans can also be used). This is for an 8×8” pan (double ingredients for a 9×13” pan). Bake in the oven at 225 degrees for four hours.

And now it’s time for dessert, and what better way to end the night than with Puppy Chow? Puppy Chow is a dessert that is the consistency of cereal covered in powered sugar and contains chocolate and peanut butter. It is one of those things that you can throw together quickly and is extremely addictive. Do not start eating if you will feel bad about eating the entire bag in one sitting!

Puppy Chow

Photo Credit: Like Mother Like Daughter

Photo Credit: Like Mother Like Daughter


  • 1 cup of chocolate chips
  • ½ cup of smooth peanut butter
  • 9 cups of Chex cereal
  • ¼ cup of butter
  • 1-2 teaspoons of vanilla
  • 1 ½ cups of powered sugar

Microwave chocolate chips, peanut butter and butter on high for 30 seconds, then add vanilla. Pour into a gallon size Ziploc bag with the Chex Mix cereal and shake for 30 seconds. Pour in the powered sugar and shake for about a minute. Let the cereal cool on wax paper and store in a fresh gallon size Ziploc bag or a Tupperware dish. Don’t forget to share with all your friends!

Are Eustressed?

Staff Writer

As the semester wanes, students find themselves drowned by stressors like classes, relationships, finances, extra-curricular activities and graduation.

According to Dr. Laura Harrawood, Associate Professor of Counseling, “Stress is your body’s response to a demand that is placed upon it.” To each student, stress shows itself in different ways. Intense emotions, headaches, muscle strains and not being yourself are just a few.

stress ball

McK Stress Management Clinic stress ball. Photo Credit: Teagan Schwab

Stressed students are not hard to find on this campus. Trey Schlieker, Economic Finance major says stress, however, can sometimes be beneficial.

“To be honest, I think stress is what kinda keeps you motivated,” states Schlieker. “You want to be unstressed so bad, you’ll just eventually saddle up and get your stuff done.”

The type of stress Schlieker is talking about is called “eustress.” It helps propel you to get things done. Unfortunately, students may find the very thin line between eustress and distress. Distress is the type of stress that leads to cardiovascular disease, cancer, arthritis and respiratory issues.

Not only does school stress students, but maintaining a social life is difficult. Things like hours of homework added to the 12-18 credit-hour class schedule and working make it hard to hang out with friends.

Capri Vita, Pre-professional Biology major, gets stressed when she has to study for hard exams and quizzes. Vita knows the line between eustress and distress well. “I know I cross the line when I start eating a lot and being cranky and unmotivated,” she says. Vita eases her stress by watching TV, hanging out with friends and reading.

Dr. Harrawood manages her stress by practicing self-care. She exercises by cycling and playing tennis. She loves to spend time with her cocker spaniel, Porter, and black labrador retriever, Arnie. Reading also helps Harrawood relax.

“Don’t be afraid to seek help,” advises Dr. Harrawood. “Just the support alone can help decrease the effects of the stressors.”

Seeking help is important to reduce distress. Talking to friends or someone you trust about what is happening will help immensely.

If you find yourself in need of help dealing with stress there are resources on campus. The Stress Management Clinic is a professional counseling program that runs in conjunction with the Master’s program individual practicum.

In participating in the Stress Management Clinic, students are paired one-on-one with Master’s level students to work through three phases: education, prevention and support. The end goal is to help the students prevent distress.

Even though sometimes stress may be harmful, use it to your advantage. Keep the eustress and leave the distress behind. Are eustressed?

Are we “Lost”?

Staff Writer

Being unable to find one’s way or not knowing one’s whereabouts would perfectly define this television show. Over six seasons, critics have ranked Lost consistently among the top television series of all time. During the summer, I took a chance on this show and have no regrets. Through the suspense and drama, I began to wonder if they would ever escape the island.

The plotline can be misleading at times, but it provides plot twists that are unmatched by other television shows. Lost follows survivors of a commercial plane crash and how they landed on a mysterious tropical island in the Pacific Ocean. The show implements flashbacks and foreshadowing to explain more about the survivors. Throughout each season, the survivors try to find a way to get off the island but are faced with tough decisions and adversity. Lost has a fictional plotline but relates to reality well. I get a sense of conflict between faith and science through the characters. Some believe that God will rescue them and are less worried, while others use other means to try to escape.

There are various battles throughout the series that are intense, but as you near the end, everything starts to piece itself together and leaves you with a sense of curiosity to form your own judgment about what you think occurred. Never once did I want to skip through the episodes because each one had significance, and if you were to skip it, you would be totally lost.

McKendree student Brandon Moody says this was one of his favorite shows he’s seen while here at McKendree. “If you have free time, I suggest you watch Lost. It will definitely have you anxious to watch the next episode; there’s no down time,” Moody says.

The actors are unbelievably talented in this drama series. Matthew Fox, who plays as Jack Shephard, and Evangeline Lilly, who plays as Kate Austen, were amazing. Shephard was a spinal surgeon before the plane crash and ends up becoming the leader on the island among the survivors; but his past eventually catches up to him. Austen was second-in-command on the island and was known for her problem-solving abilities. Each character has their own background, and each piece fits into the puzzle perfectly. That is what makes Lost unique.

Lost was one of the highlights of my summer. I urge you to check it out. All six seasons are now streaming on Netflix, so all you have to do is give it a chance. You won’t be disappointed.


Photo Credit: Google

Cultural Cuisine from Noodles and Co.

Staff Writer

“Throw a fork on the map and we’ll take you there,” Noodles and Company claims on their menu, but you know what? If I closed my eyes, I very well could have drifted off to Indonesia and pictured myself eating the Indonesian Peanut Sauté dish while riding atop an elephant. Okay, so maybe that’s a stretch, but it was pretty damn good.

Bar stool seating for an outlook of the shopping plaza for customers. Photo Credit: Sarah Goetze

Bar stool seating for an outlook of the shopping plaza for customers. Photo Credit: Sarah Goetze

Noodles and Co. is a restaurant that opened its doors in Shiloh, Illinois. Nestled in the Target area and next to Jersey Mike’s, Noodles and Co. was created with a modern and open layout. With floor to ceiling windows acting as the main walls, customers can enjoy a delicious dish in their choice of seating at a booth, table, outdoor or banquette seating in a well­lit area. Noodles and Co., a new and healthier take on fast food, prides itself in serving organic milk, tofu and tea, cage­free eggs, naturally raised meat and 14 different fresh vegetables.

As soon as I entered, I was greeted warmly by a worker, asking if I have ever visited before. The young worker walked me through the menu and answered any questions I had; she was extremely knowledgeable about her job. She knew what items were offered and what tastes best when paired together. The main items on the menu are the different pasta dishes, which are customizable. For the most part, each one starts out as a vegetarian dish, allowing customers to add different proteins and vegetables for a small upcharge.

Pasta menu choices offered. Photo Credit Sarah Goetze

Pasta menu choices offered. Photo Credit Sarah Goetze

Ordering and paying takes place at a counter, where the warm welcomes are continued. For my two orders of pasta (one small and one large), a side salad and soup, plus two regular sized drinks, the bill was $20.88.

Once ordering is complete, you choose a seat, and the food is brought out. The service was fairly quick; from the time I ordered and paid to when my food was placed on the table, no more than 15 minutes passed.

I chose to order the Indonesian Peanut Sauté, a rice ­noodle dish covered in spicy peanut sauce. The sauce to noodle ratio was perfect, creating a balance between the two that allowed the noodles to stick together, giving it an authentic presentation. Garnishing the dish were crunchy vegetables, including broccoli, carrots, Napa, red cabbage, Asian sprouts and cilantro, creating a stir­fry take. Ordering a drink was a necessity with this meal for me as it was very spicy.

Tomato Basil Bisque and Indonesian Peanut Sauté. Photo Credit: Sarah Goetze

Tomato Basil Bisque and Indonesian Peanut Sauté. Photo Credit: Sarah Goetze

As a side, I selected the Tomato Basil Bisque. This savory soup was rich both in its color and flavor. It had a zesty flavor, made with tomato soup, cream, sherry, fresh basil, garlic and parsley. There were small pieces of crisp tomatoes within the soup, giving each spoonful a crunchy texture hidden within the smoothness. The garlic was a tad overpowering in certain bites; However, overall it was a flavorful soup.

My date threw the fork on the map, and it landed in Wisconsin. This Wisconsin Mac & Cheese changes what Mac & Cheese is all about. Parents will be sneaking bites of their children’s food more often now with this delightful dish. Made with a blend of cheddar and jack cheeses, this creamy and cheesy elbow pasta was exploding with flavor. Every bite had a trail of cheese that followed the spoon from the bowl to his mouth. He chose to have steak added to this dish. The amount of steak in the dish was sparse, but the pieces in it were cooked to a well­done level. Even though the portion of steak added was sparse, it wouldn’t keep me from ordering this dish myself.

The Wisconsin Mac&Cheese with steak added with a Caesar salad. Photo Credit: Sarah Goetze

The Wisconsin Mac&Cheese with steak added with a Caesar salad. Photo Credit: Sarah Goetze

He ordered a Caesar side salad that was about as typical as any other Caesar salad you could order. With plenty of dressing, but skimpy on the croutons, the lettuce was crunchy and fresh.

Overall, Noodles and Co. is a new take on fast food. With quick and friendly service, yet modern and aesthetically pleasing layout, this affordable restaurant is great for a quick family meal or a college date.

Blood Drive this Thursday in MPCC!


Photo Credit: teamfitnessfranklin.com

A Red Cross blood drive is coming to campus this Thursday, Nov. 12. The blood drive will run from 1 p.m. to 6 p.m. in the Intramural Gym in MPCC. To reserve a time to donate blood, either contact Dr. Ann Collins at avcollins@mckendree.edu or use the Red Cross scheduling form online.

To schedule online, go here and click the “Schedule a new appointment” link. Then either log in to your Red Cross account or create one. From there, you can schedule your appointment.

Don’t miss this opportunity to donate blood and possibly save lives!

[2015-2016] Vol. 94, Iss.3 The Review Crew


Vol. 94, Iss. 3


Lauren Reeves

Anna Belmonte
Assistant Editor 

Editing Team

Lauren Reeves
Anna Belmonte

In This Issue

Sarah Goetze
Teagan Schwab
Grace McDowell
Marquis Cherry
Allison Donofrio
Alexandria Deiters
Lauren Reeves
Anna Belmonte

The McKendree Review is a student-run organization of McKendree University. The mission of The McKendree Review is to give students the opportunity to learn the news process and publish articles pertaining to their opinions and ideas.

The staff does not agree with all statements and opinions,
which rightfully belong to their writers.

The McKendree Review Office can be found in
Eisenmayer 208 on the McKendree Campus, at
701 College Rd., Lebanon, IL, 62254.

Staff can be reached by email at mckreview@mckendree.edu.

Leditor from the Editor

Welcome to another issue of the McKendree Review! As you know, we strive to be a voice for the students on McKendree’s campus. With that being said, I would like to remind all readers that our writers, photographers and interviewees really want to capture McKendree as they see it.

In each issue we want to cover everything that is happening on campus at the moment, in the near future or recent past. If you think we have missed anything, please let us know! We always want feedback, so feel free to comment on any of the stories or email us directly. Again, feel free to send all story ideas our way! We want to make this site a safe place for free expressions of thought and discussion.

Also, we are always looking for new topics. Feel free to email us if anything comes to mind. We want to make sure students and staff members feel like this is an appropriate reflection of what is happening on campus, so again, don’t be shy to give feedback in the comments.

As always, we are looking for more writers and photographers to freelance for us. If you are interested, please contact me at lareeves@mckendree.edu or just email the Review email at mckreview@mckendree.edu .

As a reminder, we have decided to post our issues and submissions online to our website, mckreview.com, every 15th of the month and print a hard copy paper on the last day of the month. Time sensitive submissions will be posted on our website as soon as possible. Print editions will also be mounted on the web. In addition, mckreview.com is now synced to our Facebook page to allow quicker sharing of articles.

Thank you for all of your support!

Happy Reading,
Lauren Reeves

The Mold that Made them Move

Staff Writer

Over a couple weeks ago, seven of McKendree’s faculty and staff were relocated from the main floor and basement of Clark Hall. The problem? Mold. On the walls and beneath the carpeting in Clark, colonies of fungus thrived through years of flooding and poor ventilation. The mold remained undetected for a long time, until it began to show itself in unpleasant and unsafe ways.

The Office of Student Affairs has moved. Photo credit: Brent Reeves

The Office of Student Affairs has moved. Photo credit: Brent Reeves

Brent Reeves, Director of Multicultural Affairs and International Student Services, has worked out of Clark Hall for about 12 years, and he notes how frequently the basement flooded and had to have water vacuumed.

“That’s been going on for years,” Reeves says. “There was always a dank, musty smell down there.”

Requests to address this issue were reported to Physical Plant and sent up through university administration, but nothing took hold.

Then some of the faculty began noticing health changes. Reeves reports that some people would have breathing issues, coughing or sneezing.

“After that…” says Vice President of Student Affairs, Dr. Joni Bastian, who has worked out of Clark Hall for 24 years, “they did some other testing of air in my office and in Brent’s office. That’s when we…would go ahead and move.”

The university tried to keep the Office of Student Affairs together, so most were relocated to the Victorian House (301 Stanton St.). Bastian, however, was moved to 306 Wildy Hall. “I never worked in Wildy Hall,” she says. “That’s been good for me…and being around other people up here, too.”

Director of Show Choir, Adam Pulver, moved to the Victorian House weeks prior to the university’s decision to evacuate Clark Hall because the moisture in his office was disintegrating bits and pieces off the walls. Pulver’s temporary office is in the finished basement of the Victorian House, along with Reeves’.

Sarah Klucker, Director of Leadership and Student Development, and Jennifer Miller, Director of Student Success and Retention, moved into the upstairs rooms of the Victorian House around three weeks ago, and Reeves moved in a week after that.

“I am really appreciative of the university for giving the Office of Student Affairs a temporary home,” says Julia Hagan, Administrative Assistant for Student Affairs.

While the relocated faculty members are still working out kinks with the new space, they enjoy extra room, a kitchen and private parking.

“Actually, this space is bigger than my office I had in Clark,” says Reeves, though his basement office lacks windows and has poor cellular and Wi-Fi reception.

Getting students to find the Victorian House is another issue, since it is off-campus and at the far end of Stanton St. Reeves says he
hasn’t seen many students come his way since moving from Clark.

“I think, for our students, they’re finding us, which is important,” says Bastian. “We just have to remind them where [we] are.”

Bastian misses the interaction she got with students in Clark Hall. “…Stopping and visiting with the students on a daily basis…” she says. “I really miss that.”
Supposedly, the decontamination of Clark will be finished within the week, but some people are skeptical. “Hopefully in two weeks, maybe, but I think the work is so extensive, it’ll take months,” says Reeves.

A huge portion of Clark is currently under repair, and the promised two-week decontamination period doesn’t seem like enough time.

However, as Bastian says, “It’s been a short time really. We’ll get the problem fixed, and then we’ll be able to move on.”

While Hagan says she and her colleagues hope to be back in Clark by finals week, Bastian believes the Office of Student Affairs is content to stay where they are.

“My staff,” she says, “I think they’re very much enjoying the Victorian House; probably too much, actually!”

Reeves shares similar sentiments. “I’ll miss that when we’re back over at Clark,” he says about the private parking. “Back to finding a parking spot again.”

Hagan also recognizes the Victorian House’s benefits. “Having a kitchen is kind of nice! Jennifer Miller is a wonderful baker, so students and staff have enjoyed her chocolate chip cookies and banana bread.”

However comfortable and homey the new offices, the relocated faculty and staff will be ready to move back to Clark Hall when it’s safe to do so. The inconveniences of packing their office supplies in boxes and working from temporary spaces should be over before long.

“I’m really excited that we made the decision to fix the [mold] problem,” says Bastian. “I’m ready to get back though.” She says the Office of Student Affairs misses being together as a group like they had been in Clark Hall.

Because McKendree has these beautiful, old buildings, it also has to cope with not-so-beautiful maintenance issues. Hopefully, in the future, health hazards like the mold in Clark Hall will be prevented.

Victorian House Diagram

More about this topic to come in the next edition of the McKendree Review.

McKendree: Justice for all

BY LAUREN REEVES                                                                                                                             Staff Writer

This 2015-2016 school year, McKendree University is taking a new approach as they dive into the mysterious waters of diversity. Our university has elected to create the Social Justice and Equity Committee (SJEC). This committee was called into action to help McKendree University take the front lines on all menacing social justice issues that try to step on McKendree’s front lawn.

Appointed by President James Dennis, Director of Public Safety Ranodore Foggs was asked to form a “task force” to explore issues of social justice and equity on our campus. Some goals of the committee are to develop strategies for moving forward, support our communities of difference and expand our understanding of difference in all of its forms. The SJEC includes diverse representation from faculty, staff and students. The committee’s mission is as follows:

McKendree University values the dignity and sacred worth of all members of our community. To achieve this end, the Social Justice and Equity Committee engages diverse members of McKendree University in meaningful activities to promote positive and sustained relationships among all persons inclusive of race/ethnicity, gender, religion, social class, sexuality and all other aspects of the human experience.

The committee is striving to create a greater and more diverse community space to facilitate discussion on diversity issues.

Member of the SJEC and Director of Multicultural Affairs, Brent Reeves, mentioned this: “The concept of having small discussion groups came as a response to the questions and concerns of the issues surrounding the Ferguson, Missouri, problems and how the U.S. has not given the underlying causes attention and action to solve them.”

When it comes to relating that task to Mckendree University, the committee also came together over a very trying event that happened last year. “We had a racially motivated incident happen to one of our students of color shortly after the Ferguson protests came to the attention of the world,” said Reeves. “The administration tried to address these issues in a large campus forum, but it proved to be ineffective.”

The Social Justice and Equity Committee understands that accomplishing their goals is no small task.  Member of SJEC Dr. Manning added, “The committee is making every effort in creating diverse small groups with representation from every ethnicity in the hopes of having meaningful dialogue. We are reaching out to students to make sure we maximize the possibility of having their voices heard within social justice activities.”

To aid the committee, they have created a sub group called the Change Ambassadors. These individuals will be instrumental in carrying out the mission of the SJEC and the university. The ambassadors will work in partnership with the SJEC to form connection groups on campus. Change Groups will meet for dialogue only six times this spring.

“The Change Ambassadors will be the facilitators of these small groups. They will be trained to lead discussions on topics and events involving all areas of diversity but giving issues of social inequity (like racism) a priority,” says a soulful Reeves. “It is our hope that these groups will then help lead the campus to better understanding of those who are different from yourself. I highly encourage all to sign up for one of these groups in January!”

The committee held an open forum in Bothwell Chapel back in September for all those who were interested, and the turnout was more than the committee expected. The Committee and President were excited to see the initial prospective students, faculty and staff eager to want to take this step in the right direction for diversity on McKendree’s campus.

Faculty Change Ambassador, Dr. Halimin Herjanto, was very interested in the program. “It is a very good move that we initiated. We must understand that, as our world is getting smaller, you will see a number of different people, whether they are a different ethnicity, [speak a different] language or anything; you name it. I am a product of bi-culture, so I understand that we need to live in harmony, and there is no way we can accomplish that unless we get to know each other.”

Dr. Herjanto continues to say, “We as human beings are not perfect. We must learn from each other….Change is coming. The problem we have is that people don’t understand how beautiful our rainbow is….We are all the same; there is no difference.”

Student Change Ambassador, Mandy Aoieong, was called to take part in this new social justice initiative. “I heard it was full of diversity, and I want to share my background of being Asian American and a female with others. I feel like there is a lot to share and bring to this group.”

Aoieong believes that the committee and ambassadors will open more eyes for students because they may be too shy or too uncomfortable in some situations. “I feel like a little push from the ambassadors to help them will make a huge difference,” remarked Aoieong.

The group as a whole contains a lot of diversity to offer McKendree.

Aoieong with great admiration stated, “We have so much diversity within our group, [it] is great. Listening to their experiences is something that is really nice. I would like to see more students in diversity groups to make sure that we have made a difference.”

Change Ambassadors Dr. Halimin Herjanto and Mandy Aoieong have great hopes for their committee and their roles as ambassadors but know that they would like more training to be even more helpful to others.

On Oct. 16, the committee held their first training retreat. During this retreat, the committee called upon Residence Life Director, Mitch Nasser, to lead in the learning process. During the retreat, Nasser led the group in discussions covering the complexity of social justice, what is change, who am I, what am I working on and how am I unique? They broke down the issue of the Confederate Flag.

Leading the discussion, Nasser noted that it was a great experience. “When I was first asked to speak, I felt honored but a little nervous. It went very well.” He believes that McKendree is being proactive with the SJEC. “I think there’s things I see the committee doing: bridging conversation amongst students, staff and faculty about all kinds of issues and getting more people to care about hard issues.”

When asked about some problems the committee and the ambassadors may face, Nasser mentioned how students could be a bit apprehensive when approaching these topics.

“I can see students interested in participating but nervous about how that happens when it’s face-to-face where they can’t hide behind anything.” However, he believes that the committee has good intentions when they thought about how to facilitate discussions. “I think that this is a good design, having staff, students and faculty really executing the mission of this university. We talk about community and how we are all a part of it,” says Nasser. “It makes total sense.”

After the discussions and training, Nasser concluded to say, “My biggest hope is [that], given the opportunity, others will [want to] take ownership of these conversations and get more involved.”

social tree

Photo credit:www.wvum.org

Upcoming training will occur more in the weeks to come, and the connection groups will form in the spring 2016 semester. Expect to see more of the Social Justice Committee and its Change Ambassadors more in the year to come.

Think About Your Pink

Staff Writer

One in eight women will develop breast cancer in the course of her lifetime. Using those statistics, of the roughly 1,411 female students currently enrolled at McKendree, approximately 176 will develop breast cancer sometime in their lives, roughly 12.5% of the student population.

These alarming statistics reveal why breast cancer awareness is important. October is Breast Cancer Awareness month, and you may have noticed more of the color pink. McKendree athletic teams, NFL teams and even the White House are all sporting their pink.

National Breast Cancer Awareness Month was founded in 1985 with the sole purpose of promoting mammograms for early detection of breast cancer. Women 40 years and over are encouraged to get a yearly mammogram. As college students, it may seem like we have plenty of time to worry about this disease later in life. However, the American Cancer Society recommends ways to detect breast cancer early in younger women.

Beginning in their twenties, women should receive a clinical breast exam as part of a regular health check-up given by a health professional every three years. Women are also encouraged to complete a breast self-exam regularly, in order to feel for abnormal lumps or masses.

According to Cancer.org: “The American Cancer Society believes the use of mammograms, MRI (in women at high risk), clinical breast exams and finding and reporting breast changes early…offers women the best chance to reduce their risk of dying from breast cancer.”

Dr. Betsy Gordon, professor of speech communication, recently went through her own battle with breast cancer. In September of 2012, she noticed a lump in her breast and scheduled a mammogram. Her radiologist told her, “I think you have cancer.” She was stunned. Her needle biopsy indicated the need for a total mastectomy, and, on Sept. 25, 2015, Dr. Gordon was diagnosed with stage two breast cancer. Thankfully, her mastectomy in late October showed no spreading of cancer in the lymph nodes. Her cancer was caught at an early stage, but still needed to be treated aggressively.

Cancer survivor Betsy Gordon. Photo credit: Grace McDowell

Cancer survivor Betsy Gordon. Photo credit: Grace McDowell

Dr. Gordon underwent five months of chemotherapy with treatment occurring every three weeks. Natural hormones triggered her type of breast cancer, and she was required to take a hormone suppressant for up to a year. Due to the massive amounts of germs and illnesses Gordon could be exposed to, the doctor did not want her to continue teaching at McKendree during the time of her chemo treatments.

However, Dr. Gordon had a plan. She wore rubber gloves while teaching, used a face mask whenever students were entering and leaving the classroom and took extra measures to ensure students never had to physically hand a paper in to her. These precautions paid off. Dr. Gordon never once got the sniffles or any type of sickness during her chemo treatments, and in Dec. 2013, she was declared cancer free.

Dr. Gordon was fortunate enough to have a large support network during this time. She received over 200 cards and letters from McKendree staff and students, including alumni. These supporters made meals and sent flowers. The members of her book club helped drive her to doctor’s appointments whenever she did not have a ride. One of her high school friends even offered to fly up to Lebanon and spend time with her.

One particular night, Gordon could not sleep and wanted to hear her mother sing, although she is no longer living. So, she called her sister and asked her to sing instead. Her sister sang a lullaby for fifteen minutes to help put her to bed, and Gordon notes this was the nicest gift she received during her time with cancer.

Dr. Gordon faced different obstacles throughout her battle with breast cancer. “Near the end of chemo, I experienced incredible muscle fatigue that is nothing like being tired. Your nerves are affected, and the message your brain sends that says ‘move’ is impossible to do.”

To help deal with these challenges and inform her friends and family of her experiences throughout treatment, she posted a blog on caringbridge.com. Dr. Gordon notes, “If you are diagnosed, you need to recognize the next year of your life is not your own. Your schedule is put on hold. You have to let go and say, ‘Okay, whatever they tell me to do next, I’ll do.’”

When asked what early detection measures young women should take, Gordon responded, “They need to check their breasts regularly to notice if anything is different. I recommend regular mammograms. Everybody I know personally that has died from breast cancer did not get an early diagnosis.”

From her experience and knowledge of breast cancer, Dr. Gordon sheds some light on common assumptions or misconceptions about the disease. “A lot of people assume that it is hereditary or that we know the causes. The truth is, there are no direct causal links. Anything can trigger it. I was the first person in my family to have it.” Gordon comments that upon being diagnosed with breast cancer, there is no need to say, ‘why me?’ Instead, one should say, ‘what do I do now?’

When wearing pink this October, think about the significance behind the color. Think about the stories of personal battles with this disease, such as Dr. Gordon’s. Think about the importance of early detection and awareness. Think about the overwhelming need for a cure. Think about your pink.

Leaves changing means Fall is here

BY ALLY DEITERS                                                                                                                                    Staff Writer

There is no doubt that McKendree in the Fall is one of the most beautiful scenes, such as the front lawn, all the fountains on campus, and who can forget about all the beautiful old buildings on campus. Along with the leaves turning, so are all the activities here at McKendree, as well as in the surrounding area. We have Fall Family Weekend coming soon to McKendree, Witches Night Out, haunted houses, and pumpkin picking and apple picking!

Fall Family Weekend is quickly approaching. This is Nov. 6-8, 2015 and is when McKendree invites families of the students to come and see what a student’s life at McKendree is, activities for the mind, body, and soul, as well as entertainment for the rest of the family. The bookstore will be open all weekend, the McKendree Art Gallery Exhibition is on Friday from 2:00-5:00PM, there is a Women’s Volleyball game against Missouri S&T at 7:00PM, the Theater Department Fall Play at 7:30PM on Friday, and Open Mic Night in 1828 at 8:45PM. On Saturday, there is tailgating and a home football game against Quincy at 1:00PM, the Quad Festival from 10:00AM-1:00PM, a volleyball game, movie night in the Lair, and Family Game Show at 8:00PM. On Sunday, there is Family Worship Service at 8:30AM or 11:00AM, Brunch with your Bearcat, Murder Mystery Lunch, and more! It is a whole weekend packed with family fun that you don’t want to miss.

On Sunday, October 25th, Lebanon hosts a Witches Night Out downtown on the brick road. This is an annual event where the shops on the road are open late and people from all around come dressed up as witches and shop. The Lebanon Chamber of Commerce says, “The Lebanon Witch’s Night Out event is truly a great time! There is no cost, and it is really promoted for adult women, not children, as a “Ladies Night Out” event. It’s from 5-9pm. We close down a few blocks of the brick street and have some food and entertainment while the women walk around and shop (stores stay open all night), take part in the costume contest, and more.”

There are many haunted houses and trails around the area that you could enjoy also! One of the best ones is “The Darkness.” This is a 30,000 SCREAM foot indoor haunted house featuring 3 attractions including Terror Visions in 3D and the Monster Museum inside two floors of fear. Abby Hagler, Junior at McKendree says, “This is one of the scariest haunted houses I’ve been to in a long time, I went last weekend, it only took about 25 minutes to get to from McKendree, and I would definitely recommend it to anyone who really wants a good haunted house to go to.”

Eckert’s is one of the best know pumpkin patches known around this area. But they have so much more too! They are three locations, Belleville, Millstadt, and Grafton. They have restaurants, country stores, cooking classes, kid activities, apple-picking, and live shows! This is a great destination for families, kids, or even a date!

Not Anytime Soon

Staff Writer

When comparing our fitness center on campus to other institutions, like Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, the Director of Recreational Programs here at McKendree, Mr. Kim Smallheer says, “It is just ‘okay.’”

kimAbout three years ago, there was a plan to completely take out the fitness center and build a brand new student recreational center with locker room space for athletic teams along with a pristine fitness center. This plan was less emphasized when Southern Illinois University Edwardsville opened up their new science building a few years back.

McKendree then shifted the funds towards major renovations to the Voigt Science building. This new building would include student research space, large lecture rooms, new labs and lab prep rooms and a grand entrance and lobby. The university received a gift of 2.5 million dollars recently from an anonymous donor, giving the university a boost to start construction in 2017.

“The university had and still does have three things they wanted to spend the money on: the science building, recreational center and library renovations,” says Smallheer.

The fitness center. Photo credit: Marquis Cherry

The fitness center. Photo credit: Marquis Cherry

These goals remain strong as the university has recently announced plans to build a metro-recreational center off-campus, which is supposed to serve as our recreational center but will be difficult, seeing that we share the facility, and most of the space will be occupied to house our hockey and swimming teams.

When speaking with fitness center regulars, they are happy that Smallheer is putting forth a conscious effort to improve the fitness center but are hoping for more changes in the future.

Max Shepard, who is a student transfer from Pima Community College in Arizona, says he appreciates what Smallheer has done with the fitness center. “I know he is in a difficult position right now, so for him to take initiative to make this place better is awesome,” says Shepard.

Smallheer felt the need to do some minor renovations, including new equipment to the fitness center totaling about six thousand dollars. Smallheer wanted to incorporate more equipment, but this was not financially feasible. “I didn’t have any of the money in my budget,” says Smallheer. “Student-worker pay is the majority of that budget, so I had to find a way to save the money in order to afford something like this.”

It is safe to say that no major renovations will be made to the fitness center anytime soon, other than simply replacing equipment. “I am not optimistic at all about this,” says Smallheer. “The budget is tight right now, and I don’t think the university sees this as a priority right now.”

gym e gym e 3

New fitness center equipment. Photo credit: Marquis Cherry

New fitness center equipment. Photo credit: Marquis Cherry

Brickstreet Brew: Follow the red brick road to the newest coffee shop in town

Staff Writer

You can’t buy happiness, but you can buy coffee, and that is pretty much the same thing, right? If you believe so, follow the red brick road, down to the newest coffee shop the historic town of Lebanon has to offer.

Located at 218 W St. Louis St., and nestled by its sister business, Brickstreet Arts, a local coffee shop named Brickstreet Brew opened its doors in August and has since been proudly serving coffee, espresso, tea, wine, beer, specialty cocktails and sweets. This quaint coffee shop offers inside seating as well as additional seating in the large, open-air courtyard in the back. Brickstreet Brew also offers Wi-Fi, making it the perfect setting to hang out and catch up on social media or cram for an upcoming test, all while sipping a delicious cup of coffee.

Inside of Brickstreet Brew. Photo credit: Sarah Goetze

Inside of Brickstreet Brew. Photo credit: Sarah Goetze

As if the idea of a relaxing cup of coffee to start out your morning isn’t enough to convice you to head that way, knowing that Brickstreet Brew offers many discounts and deals will be.

Starting out as a member of McKendree Monday, Brickstreet Brew decided to cater to McKendree students and faculty even more by offering a 5% discount with a valid ID every day of the week. Also, for anybody looking for a chance to show off their Halloween costume, they are offering a 10% discount to anyone who shows up in a costume on Oct. 31.

The friendly and helpful baristas make Brickstreet Brew a welcoming place. McKendree freshman, Jonathan Adams, is currently employed at Brickstreet Brew. Adams said his favorite part about working at the coffee shop is meeting new people.

“I love the connection with the customers that come in; everyone is friendly and nice,” Adams explained. “My favorite, though, is when a regular customer comes in, and you can talk to them and already know what they are going to order.” Laughing, he added, “It’s a shock when I’m prepared to make their usual drink, and they switch it up on you.”

When asked what his favorite drink is, he admitted he couldn’t pick just one. “I don’t have a personal favorite because everything is really good.” Adams said that whenever a customer comes in and orders something he has never tried, he makes it a point to try it. “My co-workers and I like to experiment in the back and throw spices and random flavors together to see what tastes good and what doesn’t.”

Brickstreet Brew menu. Photo credit: Sarah Goetze

Brickstreet Brew menu. Photo credit: Sarah Goetze

The students and faculty of McKendree have nothing but compliments for the local business. Professor Stephanie Quinn is a regular customer of Brickstreet Brew.

“I love it,” she says. “The coffee is strong and delicious, just the way I like it. The muffins are dreamy as well.” Her go-to order is a vanilla latte and a blueberry muffin, but she highly recommends the pumpkin muffin as well.

She loves the charm of the shop and how it is decorated with mugs and plates that are for sale. “Also, you can commission them to make you a mug. The hand decorated mugs they have on display are stunning,” Quinn said. Brickstreet Brew offers a complimentary cup of coffee whenever you purchase a mug.

When asked if the McKendree discount was something that drew her towards the shop, Quinn had no idea about it. “If that just goes to show you how good it is, I didn’t even know there was a discount. The prices are so affordable without it.”

If you haven’t yet, make it a point to stop by and try a delicious treat or a cup of coffee. In order to keep up with Brickstreet Brew’s upcoming events and deals, like them on Facebook!

brickstreet outside

How you know you are a McKendree Student

BY TEAGAN SCHWAB                                                                                                                           Staff Writer

How you know you are a McKendree student…

1.You wish someone in your class would get hurt so you classroom gets switched to PAC.

We all dread the email that says our class got switched to third floor of Old Main. Don’t lie to yourself; you are secretly wishing that someone falls down the stairs or breaks their leg so you can move back to PAC.

2.Your favorite color is purple.

Even if your favorite color isn’t purple, it will be. You also enjoy saying “We wear purple on Fridays.”

3.You’re not sure what weather to dress for: outside, PAC or Old Main.

Dressing in layers is key. It is 98 degrees outside, 60 degrees in PAC and 85 degrees in Old Main. So yes, grab a sweatshirt, parka and your deodorant because you will be experiencing all weather patterns today.

4.You dread classes on the third floor.

No conditioning will ever prepare you to walk up the stairs in Carnegie.

5.You are involved with at least two organizations or sports.

You are leaving class in Eisenmayer and your car is parked next to MPCC and you have to run home to get your practice clothes and you have negative six minutes to do so. You’ll be showing up to class or an organization meeting drenched in your own sweat.

6.Part of daily small talk includes being asked if you play a sport. 

All hell breaks loose because someone decides to say something isn’t a sport because there is no defense.

7.You eat Dairy Queen on Mondays.

If you aren’t receiving 50% off on Mondays you should seriously reconsider your life decisions.

8.You have a mental breakdown when blackboard is down for maintenance. 

“It is 11:30 p.m. and my quiz is due at midnight.”

9.You jump out of bed when you get a text from the mailroom.


10.You stick around campus when it’s hot outside just in case Dr. Dennis brings out the ice cream cart.

The unnecessary sweating is most definitely worth it.

11.You have been invited to a meal with a teacher or faculty member.

Let’s be honest…it’s gonna be a good time.

12.You have received a phone call from your professor asking where you are.

If you don’t answer expect a long-winded message from your class on speakerphone.

13.You walk into the IT department looking for the PAC lab.

Sorry. It’s still not there.

14.You have seriously considered stealing one of the campus golf carts for a joy ride.

Who leaves a shiny purple golf cart with the keys in it?

15.You know specific times that prime parking is available.

Thursdays around 2 o’clock on Stanton Street and Saturday mornings. Don’t even try to get a parking spot on Sunday night

16.You are a Bearcat for life.

Even after we graduate, we will cherish the memories and tradition of good old McK.

The Rocky Horror Picture Show

Contributing Writer

“Don’t dream it, be it” is a well-known phrase from one of my favorite movies: The Rocky Horror Picture Show. The cult classic has been moving strong since 1975 and it’s no surprise why! The classic has great music, an off-the-wall plot, and very dynamic characters! As of 2015, they are going to celebrate their 40th anniversary!

The plot-line of the movie is perhaps one of the strangest yet most interesting plot-lines I have come across. The Rocky Horror Picture Show is more than just a movie. In fact, you can participate in showings where you see the movie in a theater at midnight. I could go on more about what happens there, but why spoil the fun? See for yourself! If you live on campus or near campus, there are several theaters you could attend! On October 30 and 31, the Tivoli Theater in St. Louis has a showing at 11:55 p.m. If you would prefer to attend a showing but not at midnight, you could attend the 10 p.m. show at Chesterfield, Missouri, in AMC Chesterfield 14. AMC Chesterfield 14 has showings on October 30 and October 31, also. If you are able to attend any of these showings, I promise you won’t regret it. It really is an experience that is unlike any other!

Still on the fence about seeing The Rocky Horror Picture Show? Bethany Guida, Assistant Director at the Writing Center, had a few insights about the movie. One of the things she loves about Rocky is that it requires the audience to have fun. She said, “It’s so energetic and different, so you cannot yawn while watching Rocky Horror.” She thinks that “‘Time Warp’ is one of the catchiest songs of all time.” If you know anything about Rocky Horror, it might be the “Time Warp.”

If you are still unsure about seeing Rocky Horror in a theater, just ask Paula Martin. She is the Research Services and Information Technologies Librarian at Holman library. She mentioned that she went to a showing at the Tivoli Theater on a date while in high school. “I fell asleep, despite all the noise!” Paula recalled. I hope no students accidentally fall asleep if they decide to see Rocky Horror at the theater!

The Rocky Horror Picture Show is a movie unlike any other. You could easily fall in love with the movie if you give it a chance!

Movie poster for the release of The Rocky Horror Picture Show

Movie poster for the release of The Rocky Horror Picture Show

[2015-2016] Vol. 94, Iss.2 The Review Crew


Vol. 94, Iss. 2


Lauren Reeves

Anna Belmonte
Assistant Editor 

Editing Team

Lauren Reeves

Anna Belmonte

In This Issue

Erica Pour
Sarah Goetze
Teagan Schwab
Kyle Franke

Grace McDowell
Benjamin Richter
Marquis Cherry
Ally Deiters
Anna Belmonte
Lauren Reeves

The McKendree Review is a student-run organization of McKendree University. The mission of The McKendree Review is to give students the opportunity to learn the news process and publish articles pertaining to their opinions and ideas.

The staff does not agree with all statements and opinions,
which rightfully belong to their writers.

The McKendree Review Office can be found in
Eisenmayer 208 on the McKendree Campus, at
701 College Rd., Lebanon, IL 62254.

Staff can be reached by email at mckreview@mckendree.edu.

Leditor from the Editor

Welcome to another exciting edition of the McKendree Review! We are very excited about this issue!

As we continue to grow, we want the majority of our articles to be student news oriented rather than what is happening around town. For this reason, a majority of the stories we cover will come from our students, but will cover off campus events if our students are involved. We are their voice, and we do our best to make sure that we are accurately presenting their views. We understand that we must remain unbiased, but our student’s voices come first. We will not sugar coat hard topics. That being said we would like everyone we interview to be completely honest with our staff member to ensure we are accurately portraying the information presented to us.

Also, we are always looking for new topics. Feel free to email us if anything comes to mind. We want to make sure students and staff members feel like this is an appropriate reflection of what is happening on campus, so again don’t be shy to give feedback in the comments.

As always, we are looking for more writers and photographers to freelance for us. If you are interested please contact me at lareeves@mckendree.edu or just email the Review email at mckreview@mckendree.edu .

As a reminder, we have decided to post our issues and submissions online to our website, mckreview.com, every 15th of the month and print a hard copy paper on the last day of the month. Time sensitive submissions will be posted on our website as soon as possible. Print editions will also be mounted on the web. In addition, mckreview.com is now synced to our Facebook page to allow quicker sharing of articles.

Thank you for all of your support!

Happy Reading,
Lauren Reeves

What’s all the Yammer about?

Staff Writer


Photo Credit: news.bbc.co.uk

Join groups. Get connected. Build yet another Facebook-like community. It will replace email; it will make Academia easier; it will keep you informed.

We have been hearing a lot about Yammer, that McKendree made the switch from email to social media and that students and faculty should use it. While there is a lot of support for the transition, there is also prevailing dissent in the campus community. Some people just don’t want something new, and they don’t like hearing that change is a must.

So what is the big deal? What opinions about Yammer are circulating campus, and why do people feel the way they do? What is all the yammer about?

Let’s explore the issues that sprouted Yammer and the potential it unlocks. We will also look at the good, the bad and the ugly of transitioning to Yammer and determine what we, the campus community, can do to move forwards.

email, email, everywhere

In previous years, McKendree sent emails to convey important information, announcements, reminders, events and academic and social opportunities.  The school relied on sending these mass emails to communicate with the entire student body.

Eventually, complaints surfaced about the enormous amount of emails students were getting.

“Even…engaged students said they just received too many emails from too many people, and it was overwhelming,” says Dr. Tami Eggleston, Associate Dean and Professor of Psychology.

In the five years Assistant Professor of Sociology, Dr. Stephen Hagan, has taught with McKendree, he has noticed that students do not like using email, that they get too much of it and that they lack email etiquette.

“Every professor can tell you that students don’t answer email very well,” Hagan says.

When the student government picked up on the issue, they found that students increasingly ignored university emails and chose only to go to the events that teachers and coaches required of them. It seemed that the student body on a whole responded less and less to the massive amounts of messages in their inboxes, and student attendance to campus events declined.

Realizing the negative impact these mass emails were having on the campus community, the student government brought these concerns to Information Technology.

According to Director of Information Technology, George Kriss, student government proposed that the school stop sending overwhelming amounts of email and instead find another method to communicate, something more aligned with social media.

The idea was to transition to an easily navigable and accessible site that would allow messaging features comparable to email. Because of the rising complaints about email, an entirely new alternative became necessary.

Assistant Professor of English, Dr. Joy Santee, emphasizes that “there has to be a connection that goes beyond an email to 2000 people.”

the alternative

The culmination of student and staff complaints as well as the initiative of the student government resulted in the university losing its ability to send out mass emails to students. At the same time, the school moved to using Office 365, which came with a built-in social media component that became the obvious substitute to email: Yammer.

Yammer was the golden solution that would take the load off students’ mailboxes and make information mainstream and centralized. When it was first proposed, students found that Yammer did a lot more than the current system at that time; it seemed to solve the problem above and beyond what student government had requested.

IT had been discussing the transition to Yammer with student government since last year, according to Kriss, and began testing with it six months ago. When Yammer debuted as the alternative to email, however, the university community became reluctant to adopt it.

During the first couple weeks before the 2015 fall semester began, IT started laying Yammer out and pushing the McKendree community to use it.

When emails were stopped, Athletics Corporate Relations and Promotions Coordinator, Ashlyn Beasley, grew concerned about steering from email to Yammer and how it might affect getting information about the athletic department out.

“I was a little skeptical about it at first,” she says, “but then kind of dove more into it.”

Not everyone caught on so quickly. For many it was, and still is, a struggle to make the transition.

“[Students, faculty and staff] didn’t know what to do with it,” says Kriss. “I think it’s just new. People aren’t really sure how to use it, and it’s just gonna take time to roll out.”

what Yammer can do

The Yammer network, during the week of October 2, was shown by Admin Analytics to have grown by 80 members. This makes a total of 963 members, almost a third of whom were active in that single week. Also from October 2-9, Yammer saw 280 messages, 337 likes and 51 files. These numbers indicate over an 11% growth in Yammer users and content over the week.

Yammer statsThough McKendree adopted Yammer a mere four weeks ago, nearly 2000 messages have been shared among faculty, staff and students in 85 groups. 36 of these groups were active in that single week.

Kriss illustrates the rapid growth of Yammer on campus by pointing out that Facebook took four years to become popular. “We’ve only been using Yammer for four weeks. In the course of four weeks, we have almost a thousand users.” He says, “To me, that is very good adoption rate.”

What have these 963 members found that some of Yammer’s skeptics have missed?

A big feature is that the Yammer profile is very customizable. Users can tailor what they are interested in by joining select groups and muting notifications to groups they are not interested in. This, of course, was a complaint back when emails from every group and organization would be sent out to everyone.

According to Kriss, students would get 20 or 30 emails a day from organizations and events they did not care about. This leads to the problem of students deleting everything they get. Kriss says, “You just delete faster. You miss stuff. This whole system is to keep you from missing important stuff.”

Yammer provides a more connected community, including features that surpass emailing capabilities. “It’s in a format that everyone is familiar with,” says Educational Technology Specialist, Keri Hemker. “But it’s just for McKendree; it’s just for our students, staff and faculty….”

Yammer is another way to accomplish goals, says Santee, and in a way that allows students to maintain control over their participation. They can join and leave groups when they want.

Whereas email unrestrictedly fills people’s inboxes with messages that they are largely uninterested in, Yammer poses a social media style alternative that allows users to create and join private or public groups, collaborate easily on team projects, send notes and work on group documents from different locations.

“Besides the files, you can also share photos and videos,” says Hemker. These features, she says, allows students to present their ideas verbally via video and upload it to Yammer for peers and instructors to use in collaborating during a class project. “We’re trying to utilize that in our online classes,” Hemker says.

IT offers training sessions and postings on how to better use Yammer and make posts interesting and catchy. The training aims to help people easily pick up on Yammer.

Using IT as a resource to educate her on how to use Yammer, Beasley “was able to take reins of it and be able to transform it and help [the athletics department] reach out….”

Kriss urges people to take advantage of these opportunities and learn about them. He also suggests that people only need a few minutes out of their day to really sit down and learn the ins and outs of Yammer. One way to learn more is to join the Yammer 101 group.

“Think of how much time you’ll save,” Kriss says. “It’s done automatically through Yammer. It’s a super slick system.”

Screen Shot 2015-10-12 at 8.10.44 PM

Photo Credit: Anna Belmonte

Santee suggests that Yammer can be taken further than connecting and collaborating with the campus community. Faculty can use groups to document what students in their classes and in their division are accomplishing. Attaching documents and other resources to a class group would essentially create an online archive students and faculty alike can refer to in the future.

In this way, says Santee, faculty could use Yammer groups to market the school’s academic programs. This could mean students considering changing their major can view what students within different majors have accomplished, a virtual portfolio for the academic program.

Beasley says she has been able to reach out to more people, hitting more than one target market by sharing information about the athletic department to different Yammer pages.

“It’s kind of a way to pull people in to check out our student athletes and our coaches and how well they’re doing at their particular events,” she says.

Santee also points out that students could use the technology to enhance their own personal development as well. Many corporations today are using Yammer for interpersonal communication, and being familiarized to different mediums early could serve as a springboard for McKendree students beyond their education.

As Eggleston says, “The possibilities are endless.”

the good, the bad and the ugly: email vs. Yammer

But what are people saying? What more is there to say about Yammer than has already been proposed by student government and rolled out by IT?

One issue is that students are simply reluctant to voluntarily participate in school events and activities, whether through email or Yammer. The demands on their time with checking Yammer, posting and making connections seem to not be worth the effort. If it’s not required, it won’t happen.

As Hagan frankly says: “The problem with Yammer is…that students just don’t want to do things.”

Because Yammer is seen by some students and faculty to be an extraneous and time-consuming alternative, there is a widespread desire to go back to using email. The campus community is already familiar with email, and they don’t want to take the time to change.

This view begs the question: was email more effective than Yammer?

Many would say, probably not, but email does have its value. While students viewed the mass emailing as a nuisance, some faculty believe constantly sorting through email is a useful skill.

“My take is that we shouldn’t have [adopted] Yammer,” says Hagan, “because students have to learn that, even though they don’t like to check email, that they have to check it. That this is the world they’re going into.”

Hagan points out that if you ask faculty, they’ll report having the same email issues that students were having. The Sociology professor accepts it as part of the job.

“I teach future police officers a lot,” he emphasizes. “They’ve got to check email.”

With Yammer now in the equation, concerns of this nature heighten.

“My worry is that we are doing a cultural shift,” says Hagan. “Students already don’t like to check email, and we’re basically caving to that….” He goes on to explain that the school needs to do a better job training students to handle email properly. This means having good email etiquette as well as discernment when sorting through large quantities of email.

Debating whether or not email is preferable to Yammer does not solve the deficit in communication, however. The campus community is stuck in a place where they don’t get information in their email inboxes, and they don’t get it on Yammer either.

Hagan also voices concern that Yammer allows people to isolate themselves. Because people get to choose what clubs and organizations they see posts from, they may begin to academically and socially cut themselves off from outside influences beyond their scope of interest.

“Academia is about expanding our boundaries,” says Hagan. “Part of the liberal arts education is about expanding our boundaries.” He asserts that, by restricting ourselves to only the clubs and organizations students are currently interested in, they could be doing themselves a great disservice. “We’re basically not following the philosophy of the liberal arts education.”

Unless students seek out groups on Yammer and make an effort to join groups that could open opportunities for them in the future, their college experience will be greatly inhibited. They will not be opening themselves to new opportunities or exposing themselves to potentially life-changing experiences.

“This is one of the biggest growth periods of your life,” Hagan emphasizes. “You don’t fully know what you’re interested in yet.”

Hagan realizes that students sometimes don’t know what is in their best interests academically and that they need to be open to new things as a part of their educational growth. “They don’t realize how much they’re still growing,” he says, “and how much we constantly still grow.”

Will Yammer help with this pursuit of academic growth? The answer depends on individuals. 

Here are some opinion quotes, each holding its own truth:

»“We want to build a fantastic, engaged and intellectual campus climate, and communication is an important part of it.” (Eggleston)

»“I feel a responsibility to learn how to use [Yammer], so I can help students learn how to adapt to changing technology.” (Santee)

»“Since it’s similar to Facebook, [people] are able to stay connected.” (Beasley)

»“It’s an easier way for us to collaborate and share. I think people aren’t seeing that aspect of Yammer.” (Kriss)

»“Is the good worth the bad?” (Hagan)

why such mixed responses?

“You can’t affect change if there’s no buy-in.” Hagan, like many others, realizes there is a deficit in communication because of the general lack of interest in Yammer. Students who aren’t interested in joining simply will not get any information. Hagan says, “That’s the struggle we’re dealing with right now.”

Why are some students, faculty and staff so reluctant to make the change?

“People could always fall back on email, because they knew where to go to get it,” says Kriss. The fact that Yammer is new and has to be sought out and engaged in makes it all the more likely to go by the wayside. Students already have to check their email; do they really want to add something unfamiliar on top of that?

However, the problem isn’t because the campus community would prefer reverting to mass emails again. The frustrations of emailing were so great that, last year, after the student government asked for an alternative communication method, the response to Yammer seemed to indicate hands-down that the social media site would be preferable.

Again, what is all this about?

People just aren’t buying it. It’s a simple explanation highlighting the apathy on the part of some of the campus community to extend the effort of getting involved on Yammer.

On the other hand, Hagan believes the issue resides with implementation. If students are faced with something entirely new that requires their attention and active participation, they will not do it. Even offering the Yammer 101 group and other instruction doesn’t seem to be active enough.

“The focus is then on the student to seek [instruction] out,” Hagan says. “And they won’t….We’ve got to figure out an active method to make that happen.”

Part of the general reluctancy to make the transition from email to Yammer may stem from the difficulty of change in general. Not everyone takes well to doing things differently, and it is a fact that change takes time.

As Eggleston says, “We are in the middle of a change, and change is hard.”

what can we do to move forwards?

Since change has already been made and must be adapted to, the McKendree community would do well to consider it in a different light.

Kriss offers the idea that “if Yammer is constantly in our mind, people will get used to it; it’ll be better than email. We just always forget about it.”

Rather than viewing Yammer as a huge imposition, something we have to remember to check, maybe we can try another take on it. We can think of it as a way to expand our horizons and an easy but active way for us to open opportunities for ourselves. If nothing else, we will at least learn how to use Yammer, which may be of service in the professional world.

Kriss strongly urges the campus community to make an effort to use Yammer, especially through the convenient mobile app. “Download it, start posting, find groups, follow people,” he says, “and you’re gonna get sucked in and involved real quick.”

While students, faculty and staff are still being urged to join the Yammer community and explore the outlets it offers, IT gladly reports that people are in fact catching on and becoming engaged.

“We have a lot of people using it,” says Kriss. “The people that are using it…once they started getting into it, they love it.”

“I think it says a lot about where McKendree is going,” says Beasley, “and once students catch on to it, I think they’re going to realize that they’d rather have [Yammer]….”

But catching on isn’t easy or desirable for some people. Like with any new shift in technology, there will be objectors. Widespread user-ship doesn’t happen overnight.

Hagan is skeptical about the time it will take to get everyone on campus involved. “If Yammer is to work, and it might, then we have to give it a year, maybe two years, maybe even four years….Because buy-in does take time,” he says. “And that’s simply [a] social fact.”

Beasley suggests that students and faculty should at least check Yammer out. Even if they don’t want to follow a lot of groups, they should at least use Yammer for their class work, to connect with classmates and teachers.

If interested in learning more, Beasley recommends going to IT for help. She says that some people, even those in higher positions in the university, just don’t understand the new technology.

Hagan believes Yammer shouldn’t be relied on entirely, that email should still be in steady use.

“We can still send emails, of course,” says Eggleston, “but they need to be for smaller groups and more focused emails.” When sending out emails, the sender needs to consider who they are reaching and for what purpose. Too often in the past, hundreds of people received nonsensical emails about things that did not concern them.

“We need to carefully think who needs our emails,” says Eggleston.

In making the not-so-steady leap from email to social media, Hagan recommends that Yammer should have been phased in instead. The lack of Yammer users may simply be because Yammer was dropped onto everyone’s plates at once, and emails were at the same time stifled, resulting in a sudden lack of information.

While coming on too suddenly to be easily assimilated into the campus culture, Yammer cannot be gotten rid of. Not only would it be unwise to discard it without granting the campus community time to catch on to it, but the school could be missing out on an avenue that could drastically change the future of campus communications.

To support the transition to Yammer, IT has created the Yambassador Award. This title is awarded to people who use Yammer to their advantage, who really make something catchy and special of Yammer.

There is also a giveaway once the user total reaches a thousand, and when user-ship reaches 1828, the prize gets even better.

While prizes are incentives to get onboard with Yammer, Hagan suggests that there should be an overriding reason: our education.

“Buy in to Yammer and go to [campus events],” he says, “because it is a part of your education. You don’t think of it as part of your education. I guarantee you that it is….”

Involvement in education was the ultimate goal of sending all those emails, and to make involvement easier, it has become the goal of Yammer.

As Eggleston honestly points out, “[We] don’t really know what it can or will do if we don’t explore it.”

Please don’t cry about Wi-Fi

Staff Writer

This semester, students have sent numerous emails. Dialed in hyperventilated & breathless calls. And, frantically marched their way to the Information Technology (IT) department located in the lower level of the Marion K. Piper Academic Center. Why are the students doing this? The reason is that the students of McKendree University are fed up with the Wi-Fi capabilities offered.

However, there is nothing to fear. Students no longer have to worry because IT is here to help. The department is aware of the issues users are facing when working with the Wi-Fi. Over the summer, IT was allowed to expand their offices in order to hire more staff members to combat all the issues that students may face. What most students don’t know is that McKendree has over 6,000 users, which outweighs McKendree’s eight supervisors in charge of making sure everything electronic runs smoothly. With a small staff like that, McKendree’s IT department, who works around the clock, not only handles Wi-Fi. They manage Blackboard, Data Tel, Intranet, cellular calling, and even the heating & cooling system for Physical Plant. Most students overlook those other aspects as they sit and complain about how long IT is taking to fix their one Wi-Fi issue.

A college student's basic needs.

A college student’s basic needs.

Little do students know, but IT has been fighting the Wi-Fi problems before students arrived on campus. Recently, McKendree installed a new system for the Residence Halls: Walton, Barnett, Baker, the Suites and New Halls. At the West Apartments, IT has installed brand new operating systems to ensure a more stable connection for off-campus usage.

However, even with new systems, students are still having issues with the Wi-Fi. Director of IT George Kriss states, “We are averaging about 5 devices per student.” He accounts that, “We have enough access points, but we have so many devices trying to connect at once that the system just wants to stop working.” Overall, Kriss and his co-workers plan to continue to update the systems at West in order to have all the buildings on the same system but with different networks specific to each building.

As IT finishes the Wi-Fi installations and updates, students should feel free to continue to seek help from the department. Christopher Maura, IT Systems Administrator, says, “We work on a case-by-case basis. If anyone has trouble, let us know.” Students can set up appointments or house calls for an IT member to come look at the particular apartment or room to see what the real issue is.

Maura also states, “No news is good news. If we don’t hear anything, then we assume that nothing is wrong.” For that reason alone students need to make sure they are letting IT know of any problems they may have. Contact IT by either calling, emailing or visiting the IT HelpDesk in the lower level of PAC next to their offices.

Students need an internet connection for just about everything. Photo Credit: Lauren Reeves

Students need an internet connection for just about everything.
Photo Credit: Lauren Reeves

If you cannot do those options, or you simply want to see if you can fix the problem yourself, then Kriss and Maura offer up suggestions to help guide you. “We try to make it as easy as possible,” notes Kriss.

  • Only have one device connected to the Wi-Fi
  • Reboot all systems if the device freezes
  • Contact your roommates or neighbors to see if they can connect to Wi-Fi
  • Troubleshoot with McKendree IT Student Support guides

In addition to all things wireless, George Kriss also mentions cable television could be on its last leg at McKendree University. “We spend a small fortune on cable television each month, and no one seems to be very happy about it.” In the older residences there is only one cable box per apartment or dormitory. McKendree can only offer a basic subscription for TV programing. Kriss also points out that, “Students aren’t happy that we don’t offer more sports or movie packages. So who is really happy?”

Lets connect. Photo Credit: Lauren Reeves

Lets connect.
Photo Credit: Lauren Reeves

He plans to propose to the Student Government Association (SGA) that surveys be conducted to see if the students agree that it is time to get rid of cable TV. Kriss goes on to say, “We would still provide those HD antennas to allow students to get local channels for news, but all the money we are dumping into cable TV that no one seems to be happy with can be put into wireless and bandwidth.” For students, that means better connections for Netflix, Hulu, YouTube, gaming, and other great wireless needs at a faster speed.

With everything in mind, students need to know that McKendree’s IT department is here to help. They are working around the clock. According to Kriss, “We challenge you to go to another school where there is not Wi-Fi problems.” McKendree is lucky to have free wireless connections and free IT help available for students. “We don’t want to charge, but we want our users to be conscious of how much data they are using as they download things.”

Students, if something is wrong, please seek the IT help you need. George Kriss and Chris Maura agree that everyone in IT is there to help you when you need it. “Just let us know. It’s a two-way street, but we are willing to help.”

A Poll on the Polls: Are students engaged and informed on the upcoming presidential election?

Staff Writer

“Trumping” Politics: The Poll (given to 20 McKendree students):

When is the next presidential election?

Can you name any candidates running?

Who is leading in the Democratic polls?

Who is leading in the Republican polls?

Have you watched any of the Republican debates?

Do you have an interest in politics?

Do you enjoy being informed on upcoming elections?

Are you a registered voter?


  1. 2016 (11x), November 2016 (6x), Unsure (2x), November 2015
  2. Trump (20x), Clinton (17x), Bush (14x), Carson (6x), Sanders (6x), Fiorina (6x), Cruz (5x), Rubio (4x), Biden (4x), Huckabee (3x), Paul (3x), Santorum (2x), Walker (1x), “failed CEO woman” (1x)
  3. Clinton (7x), Unsure (7x), Sanders (3x), Sanders or Clinton (2x), Trump
  4. Trump (15x), Unsure (4x), Clinton
  5. Yes (12x), No (6x), Some (2x)
  6. Yes (9x), No (6x), kind of (5x)
  7. Yes (16x), No (2x), Sometimes (2x)
  8. Yes (15x), No (5x)

Donald Trump Photo Credit: http://www.nationofchange.org

When asking someone about their interest in politics, you usually receive one of three answers: they love it, hate it or couldn’t care less. With the upcoming presidential election only a little over a year away, are McKendree students concerned about who battles it out to run the ol’ U.S. of A.? How informed and engaged are students in the election process? 20 McKendree students were surveyed on their knowledge and opinion of the upcoming election. The results were all but the same.

85% of students were at least aware that the election is taking place in 2016. Tuesday, November 8th, 2016 is the exact date. And again, 85% of students surveyed could name three or more candidates that are running for office (this may not be too difficult, considering there are over a dozen Republican candidates). Only 40% correctly acknowledged that Hillary Clinton is currently leading in the Democratic polls.


Hillary Clinton Photo Credit: http://www.mrctv.org

However, 75% of students knew that Donald Trump is the current front-runner in Republican polls. Could this be due to the massive media attention and never-ending stories regarding Trump’s lack of “political correctness”? It is possible his media attention has caused students to be more aware of his presence, but Clinton has also received a fair share of the spotlight due to her current email scandal.

These survey results give a small-scale sense of just how much students are informed on the presidential election process. Informed and engaged can be at opposite ends of the spectrum, however.

Of the twenty students surveyed, 13 have watched at least one of the two televised Republican debates. 45% of students have a clear interest in politics, while another 25% have only somewhat of an interest. Although the majority surveyed may not have an overwhelming interest in politics, 17 of 20 students did admit that they enjoy being informed about upcoming elections. Engagement levels may not be extremely high, but 75% of students surveyed are registered voters and have the ability to participate in upcoming elections. These results may or may not give a sure feel of political interest on campus.


Professor Ann Collins Photo Credit: http://www.mckendree.edu

Curious on how her political mindset viewed these survey results, I went to Dr. Ann Collins, Associate Professor of Political Science, to gain a professional opinion. This is Collins’ 9th year at McKendree teaching U.S. politics, and this upcoming election will be her third presidential election she has been on campus for. Collins believes that students always know more about what is going on, politically, than they think they do.

“I start out my classes by asking: what are the biggest issues we face as a country? Students generally say they don’t follow the news, but they know what’s going on.” Collins reasons that with Donald Trump and other “loud” candidates in the race this year, more people are tuning in.

She goes on to say, “Right now it is a circus that’s attracting a lot of attention. People will get more serious about looking at the issues as we get closer to the election.”

Collins was asked if this presidential race stands out to her as unique from past races. She replied that recently we have this sort of anti-establishment sentiment that has hit the ground running. The three front-runners, Donald Trump, Ben Carson and Carly Fiorina do not have any political experience. Americans are, in a way, regaining the Ronald Reagan philosophy that the government is not the solution to everything.

From Collins’ experience, students become more engaged in presidential elections than midterm or local elections. Students who are already engaged in politics are going to be the ones engaged in those elections.

So, how does Collins personally venture to actively engage students in politics? For one, if you are taking a class with Dr. Collins, you are required to read the news and present one news story in front of the class for a participation grade. She also requires an online political assessment test on isidewith.com. This test allows you to answer questions about issues that are important to you, such as the environment, abortion and so on. It will then line up your responses with the presidential candidate that best represents and matches your views. The best part: anyone can take the test, and it’s free!

When asked if students are generally politically informed before they cast their ballot, Collins believes this is more of an American issue. “A lot of people still use political parties as shorthand and do not study the issues completely before they vote.”

She acknowledges that when students are younger, they tend to side with the political views of their parents, but as they get older it becomes time for them to form their own political mindsets. It is important to realize that whether you tune in to politics or not, the government plays a huge role in your lives.

Collins goes on: “It is better to have a voice in the selection process than to let others choose for you.”

If you are looking to be more actively involved with politics on campus, contact Dante Anglin about joining the Young Republicans or Joe Blasdel about the still forming Young Democrats.

Another option is to see Dr. Collins or Dr. Frederking about joining the Public Affairs forum. It consists mostly of political science majors, but anyone is welcome to attend. The forum takes field trips, talks politics and helps organize voter registration drives.

Keep an eye out for upcoming drives, and, if you have any questions about registering to vote or politics in general, stop by Collins’ office in PAC 203. In the words of Dr. Collins herself, “Jump in! Get involved!”

Greek Life? What’s that?

BY: ALLY DEITERS                                                                                                                                 Staff Writer

What is it about McKendree University that makes Greek Life less appealing or not as big as it could be? Could it be that we don’t have Greek housing where we could throw parties? Or could it be that it’s too expensive for students here? Or could it be that people don’t even know we offer it here because it’s not promoted very well? All of these reasons are very possible. We want to clear up all these questions and begin to make Greek Life a big organization on campus.

What does it mean to be Greek? It’s really not all about the partying, (like all the movies show us…) there is so much more to it. You learn leadership skills, participate in several service projects, have opportunities for networking and scholarships, and if you’re lucky, meet some of your best friends.

Joshua Hughlett, President of Alpha Delta Gamma, says, “Greek life isn’t that big here because people don’t hear about it and if they do, they don’t come to the events that are offered.”

This is one thing that could change very easily if people stepped out of their comfort zone and tried something new. Another reason that Greek Life may not be big is because McKendree is such a sport oriented school. About 80% of students are also involved in sports so they think that they will not have time for Greek Life. However, many students involved in sorority and fraternity life are also in sports!

So once you are part of Greek Life, what does that mean for you currently or even after you graduate? Kaylee Englund, President of Sigma Sigma Sigma, says, “Being Greek benefits me in several ways! I’ve learned to manage my time, delegate tasks, achieve what I thought was the unachievable, value others more, love one another, handle minor conflicts, set a good example, and I’ve learned what it means to be a woman of character. Having dealt with the various experiences within my organization, I feel as though I’ll be able to accomplish and handle anything after I graduate.”

Being Greek has all of the ups and downs to it, just like any other organization on campus. It’s how you choose to look at situations and how you choose to handle every them. “Don’t be afraid to take risks and always connect with people. You never know where certain relationships will lead.” says Greek member Marissa Lippert.

Common Asked Questions:

How much time does it take up?“It all depends on how much time you want to put into it. It could be a huge part of your daily life, but you may not be that involved in it if you wouldn’t want to.” says Hughlett

What’s it like being President? “Crazy! You catch yourself coming and going a lot. But it’s so much fun and such a great experience.” says Englund

How did you know what organization to choose when you went through recruitment? “I didn’t know who I was going to chose until literally the last second. But, I chose my organization because I felt like I fit in and I felt like they would support me through anything. I also saw myself as growing as a person within that organization.” says Englund

What is the difference between joining a social fraternity versus a professional or service fraternity? “The big difference turns into a social fraternity building social and communication skills while a professional fraternity focuses on a major or career field, and a service fraternity focuses on community service.” says Greek Life director Brandon Perjak

To get anymore information or if you have questions on to the office of sorority and fraternity life, please contact Patrick Meyer (pnmeyers@mckendree.edu) or Brandon Perjak (bmperjak@mckendree.edu).

Football Update

BY KYLE FRANKE                                                                                                                                   Staff Writer

Until their loss this Saturday at the hands of first place University of Indianapolis, the McKendree Bearcats Football team had won 10 games in a row dating back to last year.

Prior to the 10-game win streak was a 0-6 start to the season, a season in which they had four preseason All-Americans to start the year. Ferris State handed the Bearcats a 75-15 beating in the very first game of the year.

“It wasn’t the start we were looking for, starting the season with a loss like that just kind of demoralized us,” said wide receiver Mike Thompson. The football team was the joke of the campus.

“It wasn’t fun. We just had to block out all of the haters and stay focused,” says tight end Austin Applebee. “They were the fuel to our fire.”

Questionable coaching decisions late in games even led some to wonder whether change was coming at the head coaching position. McKendree still ended up salvaging the season running off 5 wins in a row to finish the season 5-6. The offense finally started coming together, and the secondary, which had been a major weakness, started stepping up and making big plays at big times.

It wasn’t until another blowout loss coming at the hands of University of Indianapolis 52-7 that the team finally turned things around. “We just got tired of losing, the loss to U Indy was really embarrassing,” said Applebee.

Even while finishing with a losing record, the Bearcats had three players win first team all GLVC honors. Defensive end, Lucky Baar, became the first Mckendree football player to win a major post-season award after being awarded the GLVC Defensive Player of the Year. His play greatly influenced McKendree’s turnaround. During the 0-5 start, Baar only registered 1.5 sacks, but would finish the season with 18. Baar led the NCAA with 1.64 sacks per game.

Fast forward to today and the Bearcats are 5-1, sitting in second place in the GLVC one game behind the University of Indianapolis, the team who handed them each of their last two losses dating back to last year. Junior wideout Shawn Dowling says that the team chemistry is better than it has ever been.

“We saw what we were capable of at the end of last year and it really carried over,” he says. “Everyone worked really hard in the offseason, and we had a great spring. We have playmakers on both sides of the ball who want to win and be the best we can be. We’re all giving more effort into the little things, and it’s showing by winning some games this year.”

After struggling to really get the offense going last year, McKendree is currently leading the GLVC in total offense. They are averaging 486 yards and 36 points per game both first in the conference. In the first game of the year, they shut out College of Faith 68-0. Senior Quarterback Issac Fisher is leading the conference in passing and recently won GLVC player of the week honors for his performance in McKendree’s homecoming win over Southwest Baptist. Lucky Baar also won defensive player of the week.

McKendree hired a new defensive coordinator in the offseason, and the bearcats now lead the conference in sacks. The Bearcats have five remaining games this season, two of which are at home. Hopefully they can bounce back after their first loss of the season when they travel to Saint Joseph College next Saturday.

The nightmare of a stolen car

BY ERICA POUR                                                                                                                                  Staff Writer

Have you ever walked out of a grocery store and forgotten which row you parked in? You frantically look around and punch your key’s lock button, hoping to hear your car chirp in response. Of course, within a few moments, you typically realize that your slight panic attack was premature because your car was parked exactly where you left it.

Unfortunately, when a scenario like this happened to me, my car never chirped back. Though here at McKendree I’ve had everything from laptop chargers to Ray Ban’s snatched from me, I never thought that St. Louis would be the place where my most expensive possession would be taken.

An auto theft occurs every 26.4 seconds in the United States. In St. Louis, approximately 3,000 cars are stolen per year. According to Neighborhood Scout, this crime contributes to making St. Louis safer than only 1% of the nation’s major cities.

On an evening in January of 2015, my nearly new silver Dodge Charger had been stolen in downtown St. Louis while I worked into the morning at a well-known nightclub. Whether it was someone trying to escape one of the coldest nights of the year or someone looking for a cheap thrill, my vehicle was taken from me.

Parked directly in the club’s entrance, the car was assumed to be under the valet’s close watch. Though I did not valet the vehicle that evening, I was parked in the area deemed “safe” by my management. After clocking out that evening, I swiftly walked to my car as I always did. As I clicked the keys desperately, I soon realized that I was standing in the empty parking spot that I had pulled my car into earlier that evening.

I ran back into the building to fortunately find two on-duty police officers stopping in for one last “check-up” as they often did. Their first response was, “We must have towed it. Let’s make a call and see.”

The officers quickly realized that my car was parked legally and had not been towed. My Dodge Charger containing a backpack full of textbooks, a MacBook Air, and newly installed stereo system had officially been reported as “missing”.

After an official police report had been made, I was left to bum a ride with a coworker and creep into the house, only to explain to my parents that my car had been stolen.

After an hour of the worst combination of scolding and disbelief, my parents contacted our insurance company. Given the early hour of the morning, Geico’s theft department was unfortunately closed, leaving my father with nothing to do but drive the streets of St. Louis, taking matters into his own hands. I’m told that he drove for hours around the seediest areas of St. Louis looking for any trace of my car. He returned home as the sun was coming up even more frustrated than when he left.

The following days were a whirlwind of phone calls and petty annoyances. In the week that followed, my family and I occupied every second of our free time by answering calls from the insurance company and the St. Louis Police Department. With our particular Geico policy, I was granted the use of a rental car to drive to class for 90 days. The articles in my car would be reimbursed up to a total of $200, which was a drop in the bucket considering that the items left in my car that evening were worth thousands.

The claims process was simple on the surface, yet felt shockingly like a blatant accusation. It became apparent that because the police saw no broken glass at the scene, it looked suspicious. After research, I learned that it is incredibly common for car owners who are behind on their payments to conveniently have their car “stolen” on purpose. This works in favor of the car owner if they have “gap” insurance. Gap insurance covers everything that you have paid so far on your vehicle in addition to everything that the car’s owner will owe in the future. After a process of slightly accusatorial interviews with the insurance company, I was told to simply wait for the car to be found or for the 90 days to expire. CarWhen one or the other came, I would hopefully be cleared for a new car.

A week passed, and an officer at the University City Police Department called with some startling news. My car had been involved in a chase and had been badly mangled by hitting a tree as the chase concluded. Because it was deemed unsalvageable, I was reimbursed the full value of the car by Geico and was free to put that money toward a new vehicle.

Several teenaged boys whom private investigators tell us “came from nothing” took my vehicle that winter night. Only one was charged criminally and has been placed on court supervision- a small price to pay for a daunting crime. While vehicle theft is something that does not happen here at McKendree, cars have been subject to being vandalized.

Ranadore Foggs, the Director of Public Safety here at Mckendree, reminds students and faculty to “play it safe when it comes to their motor vehicle.”

As for me, I’ll never forget to lock my car again.


Don’t Let This Happen to You….

  • Always keep your vehicle locked and roll your windows up securely.
  • When possible, park in a well-lit  area or where your vehicle can be seen.
  • All packages, valuables and bags should be taken out or kept in the trunk.
  • Electronics should be removed from the vehicle or kept out of sight at all times.
  • Money, jewelry or keys should never be left in your vehicle, especially overnight.
  • Never leave your student ID or driver’s license in your vehicle.
  • Always keep a spare key in your wallet or purse.
  • Be sure to activate your alarm before departing your vehicle.
  • Keep a copy of your license plate number or vehicle’s VIN in case of emergency.
  • Immediately report any suspicious persons or activity near your vehicle.

From Ranodore Foggs, Director of Public Safety

Cheers to 187 Years

BY Sarah Goetze                                                                                                                                       Staff Writer

Many times students criticize McKendree University falling short on feeling like a college campus, however, during this past weekend, McKendree did anything but disappoint. Homecoming weekend had campus exploding with energy as it was filled with students, alumni, family and friends.

Although many activities and competitions, such as Bearcat Games and Chalk the Walk, started Monday for registered student organizations, Friday night started the fun for the remainder of campus. The Campus Activities Board (CAB) held a headphone dance on campus. During this time, students danced together while individually listening to music through a pair of headphones.

“It may have looked weird to people who walked in, but it was a lot fun,” Grace McDowell said. CAB member Chloe Thies, who coordinated homecoming, agreed with McDowell that the dance was one of the most entertaining events of the weekend. “My favorite memory would have to be dancing the night away and letting loose,” Thies added.

To crown the dance, the homecoming queen and king were announced. Cassie Kaiping from Kappa Sigma Tau was crowned queen.

Cassie Kaiping was crowned queen.  Dewayne Gatti next to her was crowned king.

Cassie Kaiping was crowned queen. Dewayne Gatti next to her was crowned king. Photo Credit: Craig Robertson

“Being crowned queen was such a unique experience,” she said. “I was surrounded by friends and family, which made it all the best. The icing on the cake was that my sorority mom was the one who was able to crown me.”

McKendree students voted Dewayne Gatti to stand next to her as king.

Inaugurating a new tradition, McKendree crowned its first prince and princess. Thanks to her brilliant campaigning and charismatic personality, Lauren Reeves from Alpha won title of princess. Charles “Chuckie” Phillips was crowned as McKendree’s first prince.

Charles Phillips and Lauren Reeves named McKendree's first Prince and Princess. Photo Credit: Craig Robertson

Charles Phillips and Lauren Reeves named McKendree’s first Prince and Princess.
Photo Credit: Craig Robertson

The homecoming parade kicked off more events on Saturday morning. Spectators lined the streets to cheer on student groups and community members, watching almost 40 different organizations make the lap around campus.

After watching the parade, the crowd headed back to the parking lot to tailgate before the homecoming football game. Tailgating has since changed the atmosphere of football games here at McKendree. Between the mechanical bull provided by the alumni and free food from Student Government, the parking lot was filled with energy before the game.

As the clock ticked closer to 1 p.m. and everyone anticipated kickoff, the crowd filed into Lemon Field, carrying the energy from the parking lot into the stadium. Seating was limited and the stadium was booming with energy because of the dedicated fans. The football team improved their record to 4-0 thanks to their 38-13 victory over Southwest Baptist University.

Overall, this week was filled with brisk, fall weather and a persistent mist, but people still jumped at the chance to celebrate McKendree’s 187 years.

“When you see everyone outside in one place having fun, you want to join,” said Thies. “I do feel like general student participation was high for homecoming, regardless of the cold and rainy weather.”

Thies says, “Students need to realize we have the potential to make McKendree feel like this every game day.”

Headphone Jockey on the ones and twos. Photo Credit: Craig Robertson

Headphone Jockey on the ones and twos.
Photo Credit: Craig Robertson

Homecoming Queen, Kaiping, shared similar ideas. “It was nice to see the past and present come together that weekend to celebrate McKendree Homecoming,” she said.

Even though homecoming was extremely early in the school year compared to previous years, CAB considers this particular homecoming one of McKendree’s most successful celebrations yet.

A crowded university

BY MARQUIS CHERRY                                                                                                                         Staff Writer

McKendree University continues to expand every year with an all-time high of undergraduate students living on campus. In the past years, parking on campus has been a major issue among students, and nothing has changed. One would assume that since the university is growing, the administration would combat this issue, but this has not been the case.

parking lot

Yet another over populated McKendree parking lot. Photo Credit: Marquis Cherry

When I asked student Adrian Wentland about what would be his short-term goal about the parking craze here on campus, he replied, “I would love people to start using the Bogey Bus as an alternative or simply walking to class.”

But is the Bogey Bus a trustworthy resource to pick up all the residents from McKendree West and get them to class in a timely manner? Darrion Simmons doesn’t believe so.

“More often than not,” he says, “walking is a faster way to get to campus rather than taking Bogey because of the waiting time.”

According to the McKendree website, one loop takes approximately 20 minutes. “Depending on the driver, Bogey sometimes takes up to 30 minutes to complete a full loop,” says Simmons. By that time, you have to explain to your professor the reason you were 10 minutes late. There are flaws with taking the Bogey Bus.

Many college campuses find success in not allowing freshman to bring their vehicles to campus in order to free up parking spaces. Navarro Cruz agrees with this decision, not only to free up parking on campus, but to improve the social life on campus.

“Freshman would have to get to know the upperclassmen in order to get around on and off of campus, and that will only make this University a better place,” says Cruz.

Students have continued to express their disappointment with McKendree regarding this issue. It is time that the administration provides a reliable way for students to get to class in a timely and efficient manner.

McKendree Powerlifters Welcome Coach Edwards

BY Teagan Schwab                                                                                                                                   Staff Writer

Squat night at the performance center marks an inimitable but peculiarly familiar segment for the Bearcat power-lifters. The thunderous sound of thumps and rumbles from heavy weights, hard work and raucous music, like “The Ghost Inside”, while perhaps intimidating to an outsider, fuels the power-lifters’ drive.

All the while, Coach David Edwards watches his team with a highly trained eye, helping them to better themselves and push (sometimes pull) boundaries with every straining lift.

Coach Edwards. Photo Credit: Teagan Schwab

Coach Edwards.
Photo Credit: Teagan Schwab

“The workouts are really tough and push you, which I think will benefit the team,” said second year power-lifter Caresse Hollendoner. “Coach is really involved and scrutinizes every movement during practice to help us improve our form. Our practices are well organized and everyone knows what to expect.”

Returning power-lifters Hollendoner and Steven Fritsch ended last season with remarkable max lifts. Hollendoner added 100 pounds to her dead lift, and Fritsch squatted 650 pounds. They are excited to work with Edwards to improve their lifts even more.

“He’s no-nonsense,” said Fritsch, “and practices are hard but builds an attitude that is needed for competition day. It’s a different approach from last year but one that I think will benefit our team and help us reach our goals for the 2015-2016 school year.”

In their inaugural season, the women’s power-lifting team tied for 18th place, and the men’s power-lifting team tied for 28th place at nationals in Atlanta. Coach Edwards is eager to help the team improve.

Edwards turned to power-lifting to regain his strength after tearing the cartilage that supports the ball and socket joint in his shoulder earlier in his athletic and competitive career. His drive pushed him to become an even stronger lifter following recovery, earning two South Carolina state records.

Edwards knew his first semester of his senior year at James Madison University he wanted to be a strength coach. After serving as the assistant strength and conditioning coach at Limestone College in Gaffney, SC, for two years, McKendree presented an outstanding opportunity and became an obvious next step in his career.

As the head coach of the Men’s and Women’s Power-lifting program, Edwards looks forward to seeing the development and success of his lifters. He has the dedication, experience and commitment to carry McKendree’s young power-lifting program forward.

Coach Edwards stated,“I love what I do. I can’t see myself doing anything else.”

Spotlight on Art: Gallery Update

BY BENJAMIN RICHTER                                                                                               Contributing Writer


The Gallery, featuring the current show.        Photo Credit: Benjamin Richter

The Gallery of Art had yet another successful event this summer.  The Get Out! Paint Out! showcase featured 74 pieces crafted by 35 artists and was up for public viewing beginning August 15th and was taken down September 26th.

McKendree alumni Cory Sellers was the juror for this event, and the winner’s selected were the following:

»1st place: Sandy Haynes, Early Morning Lebanon

»2nd place: Michael Neary, Horner Park Lagoon

»3rd place: Virginia Grass Simmons, McKendree Gateway

Up in the Gallery is a show entitled Running Behind the Mosquito Truck by St. Louis artist Kimber Mallett.  The show, featuring large-scale relief prints made from scraps and digital prints, will have its reception on October 8th from 5-8 p.m., and the show will remain in the gallery until November 24th.

In her artist’s statement, Kimber describes the show and her art as “an attempt to express meaning through the combination of stark reality and beautiful imagery that can be achieved through visual art.”

The McKendree University Gallery of Art (located at 224 W. St. Louis St.) is free and open to the public.

Gallery hours:

1-4 p.m. on Thursdays, Saturdays and Sundays

2-5 p.m. on Fridays

Visit our website at http://www.mckendree.edu/galleryofart, or stay up to date through our Facebook page: McKendree University Gallery of Art.

Princess by Kimber Mallett

“Princess” by Kimber Mallett, on display at the gallery now.

[2015-2016] Vol. 94, Iss. 1 The Review Crew


Vol. 94, Iss. 1


Lauren Reeves

Anna Belmonte
Assistant Editor 

Editing Team

Lauren Reeves

Anna Belmonte

In This Issue

Erica Pour
Sarah Goetze
Teagan Schwab
Victoria Day
Whittney Huffines
Grace McDowell
Jaclyn Cimarusti

The McKendree Review is a student-run organization of McKendree University. The mission of The McKendree Review is to give students the opportunity to learn the news process and publish articles pertaining to their opinions and ideas.

The staff does not agree with all statements and opinions,
which rightfully belong to their writers.

The McKendree Review Office can be found in
Eisenmayer 208 on the McKendree Campus, at
701 College Rd., Lebanon, IL 62254.

Staff can be reached by email at mckreview@mckendree.edu.

Leditor from the Editor

Hello everyone. My name is Lauren Reeves, and I am a Speech Communication major and Journalism minor. I was heavily involved in my high school’s news media program, which allowed me to develop skills like news writing, broadcast, web design, photography, and page layout. I hope to put these skills to good use as the new McKendree Review Editor-In-Chief.

We are always looking for more writers and photographers to freelance for us. If you are interested please contact me at lareeves@mckendree.edu or just email the Review email.

In addition, we have decided to post our issues and submissions online to our website, mckreview.com, every 15th of the month and print a hard copy paper on the last day of the month. Time sensitive submissions will be posted on our website as soon as possible. Print editions will also be mounted on the web. In addition, mckreview.com is now synced to our Facebook page to allow quicker sharing of articles.

Thank you for all of your support!

Happy Reading,
Lauren Reeves

Lauren Reeves Editor-In-Chief

Lauren Reeves

Syrian Refugees

BY JACLYN CIMARUSTI                                                                                                                                 Staff Writer            


It all started back in March of 2011 when a young group of people were arrested for spray-painting a phrase of the Arab Spring on the wall of a school: “The people want the fall of the regime.” They were reportedly arrested and severely tortured. Peaceful protests for the young adults release agitated the Syrian government, so they lashed back and killed four protesters. They even shot at mourners at one of the victims funerals. The country broke out in civil war, and the Syrian people have been fleeting the country ever since.


The government has been using chemical warfare and it was reported that day-long air strikes were executed against the rebels. According to the United Nations within the four years of this conflict two hundred and fifty thousand lives have been lost and more than twenty two point four million people have been displaced and have fled to neighboring countries or abroad. Jordyn Looman, McKendree transfer student and cross country athlete explains why it is our responsibility and obligation not only as students, but as human beings to help as much as we can, “Sometimes we take our civil rights for granted in this country. We have to have empathy for other people. If this was happening to our families we would do everything in our power to stop it.”


An extreme amount of Syrian refugees have fled to Jordan and Lebanon. Mercy Corps has been working with them since 2012. Due to limited resources and the increasing amount of refugees, they are struggling to meet with the growing demands. In August of 2013 thousands of refugees fled to Northern Iraq. Not only do they have the Syrian refugees to accommodate, they have more than one million displaced Iraqis as well. They are also fleeing into Turkey which is creating extreme cultural tensions. Hundreds of thousands of people are attempting to cross the Mediterranean sea from Turkey to Greece. Most of them don’t make it across alive.


Germany has taken in more than seventy five thousand refugees. President Obama has pledged to take in ten thousand refugees by the end of the year. Thousands of Syrians flee the country every day. They either leave because seeing of their neighborhoods bombed or seeing their family members being killed. The risk of travel is their lives. Families walk endless miles and risk being shot by government snipers, or having their young men kidnapped to fight for the regime. McKendree student Ciara Janas says, “ It’s just sad that there is such a division between the government and the people. The cost is innocent lives.”


According to the United Nations there are more than four million Syrian refugees. They are the worlds largest refugee population under U.N. mandate. Refugees have been reported finding shelter where they can. Families have been seen living in rooms with no heat or running water, sheds, and even a chicken coop. According to the United Nations more than half of the refugees are under the age of eighteen. These are people. They breathe and bleed just like us. They deserve are attention. We cannot ignore them. We are all human beings and we need to fight for one another.


Mercy Corps is currently addressing the immediate needs of 3.4 million people. They deliver food and clean water. They also provide families with clothes, mattresses, and other household necessitates. They also provide social services to the families and children who have suffered severe emotional trauma because of this crisis. Their focus is helping communities and refugees work together in hopes of creating tolerance and decreasing the social tension. Also to find reasonable solutions to the financial strains it puts on the countries who have opened their doors.


The Syrian Crisis affects us because it is affecting our fellow men and women. Despite ethnic and cultural differences, in the end we are all human beings and we all have a right to life. We have to stand up for one another in the name of humanity and moreover morality. Sometimes we tend to look away from things that don’t directly involve us. Ask yourself one question: If this was your reality, wouldn’t you want someone to stand up for your right to life? So get informed, inform people, donate, and stand up for the right to life.

No Longer Flex-ible

BY GRACE MCDOWELL                                                                                                                 Staff Writer

Smoothies, Bearcat Burgers, Omelets. These are just a few of the items students love to enjoy at 1828. In years past, off campus students who did not have a meal plan still received anywhere from $50 to $150 a semester in free flex dollars. Beginning this year, those flex dollars were taken away.

1828 cashier Kaylyn Ruiz

1828 cashier Kaylyn Ruiz

Only students with a meal plan will receive those free flex dollars. This has changed the way some students plan their meals. Madelaine Zinser ’17 remarked “I now have to spend more money on groceries. Now I either have to plan packed lunches every day or walk back to cook. This takes away homework time I had during lunch.” However, it is not just the food students are missing out on.

“I lost a great networking opportunity. Students and professors meet in 1828 over lunch to discuss projects. I would get to know classmates better by working on homework at 1828”

There is an alternative way for students to purchase items at 1828, without using flex dollars. This new program is called Munch Money. Munch Money is an account that can be created at 1828 or Ames. For every $25.00 you put onto your Munch Money account you get a certain percentage off. Kaylyn Ruiz ’19, worker at 1828 explained “For example, if you add $100.00 to your Munch Money account, your beginning balance would be $112.00. Also, you are not charged the tax.” Munch Money is the new plan to allow students to eat at 1828 cheaply.

“Munch Money is a good way to save time and money! All you need is your ID!”

Student using Munch Money by scanning his ID.

Student using Munch Money by scanning his ID.

Across the board, students have voiced their concerns about the change, but now they are slowly adjusting to this new money system. If you would like to know more information about meal plans, flex dollars, or Munch Money please visit 1828, Ames, or  https://mckendree.sodexomyway.com/dining-plans/index.html.

Open Door

BY WHITNEY HUFFINES                                                                                                               Contributing Writer

There are so many things that you can be worried about as you begin your freshman year of college.Classes.Money.Work.Especiallyif you live on campus, all those things are on your mind, but there is another major concern that’s in the forefront of everyone’s minds, ROOMMATES. So many questions fill your head: Will we get along? Will they be noisy, rude or even smelly? What if we don’t become friends?With all those questions in mind, how does one even successfully navigate freshman roommates?

If your mind continues to be boggled down with these questions, then here are some things you can do to try and help the situation. First, try talking about whatever the issue is with your roommate. Approach them calmly and don’t accuse. Find common ground. If the issue is a real problem for you, then offer solutions. If you tried that & the problem persists, then is it time to talk to the RA, Residence Assistant. An RA is a mentor, a friend and someone who has your back. Hope Waters, RA of Walton Hall, explained, “an RA’s purpose is to make sure your year goes smoothly and as stress free as possible.”. Your RA really does care about the wellbeing of their residences, so you can tell them what is going. They are there for you.

Freshman, Samantha Johnson, says, “my roommate and I get along very well and we are on their way to becoming lifelong besties.” They leave each other sticky notes with jokes, puns, and funny sayings. They are able to laugh together and cry together. “We are like the tinniest little family, and it is great!” However, not all first year roommates are as great as Sam’s. “The best thing I could suggest to people in bad situations would be to do something just you and your roommate. Just try to get into a situation where they feel like they can open up to you.”

Change can be hard, but it is part of life. There are many things at your disposal to help with issues you are having, just don’t be afraid to use them.

Defying Gravity

 BY VICTORIA DAY                                                                                                                                       Contributing Writer

The sky’s your limit…does not apply to Jen Bricker. As a young girl, she wanted to prove that the ground was not her limit, even though that is what everyone may have thought.

 Jen Bricker

Jen Bricker was born with a random birth defect; she was born without legs. Without legs, you ask? What can someone do– what can anyone do without legs? There is a mile long list she has—and it is still growing!––to answer that question. With the help, love, and support of her adopted parents and siblings, she played basketball, softball, and volleyball. Without legs, she even learned to swim! Above all of her other achievements, she became a fantastic, professional aerialist.


As a child, she idolized a young Romanian gymnast on television, which initially led to her interest in gymnastics. While observing this amazing gymnast, she always told her parents: “Don’t we look-alike? Don’t you think we look-alike?” As time went on, the two girls’ similarities grew. Jen’s mother caught the gymnast’s name: Dominique Moceanu.


Something struck her odd about her last name, and so she turned to the adoption papers. Sure enough, a man with the last name Moceanu had signed the papers, and at age sixteen, Jen discovered the most incredible thing: she had a sister! In fact, she had two, and one of them had been her childhood idol, Dominique Moceanu!


After this shocking discovery, Jen ended up writing her heart and soul into a letter to Dominique, enclosing documentation and papers about the adoption process and photos and that they might very well be sisters. It was received in December of 2007, and as it turned out, they were really sisters. After much confrontation and many questions they closed the distance and today are extremely close to one another.


These two ladies really have a story to tell. To learn more, check out any of Jen Bricker’s online interviews, or even her sister Dominique’s book, Off Balance: A Memoir.

New Business In Town

BY TEAGAN SCHWAB                                                                                                                    Staff Writer

Dr. Roxanne Beard, the new Associate Professor of Management and Director of the Master of Business Administration program, comes to McKendree after working 10 years as a faculty member at Ohio Dominican University. Beard earned her Bachelors of Science degree in Medical Technology, Masters of Business Administration and a PhD in Organization and Management. With all her background, she also brings her a love of students and learning.This love of learning pushed her to earn her doctorate degree to share her knowledge with students. Coming to McKendree was a no-brainer for Dr. Beard.

Dr. Beard

Dr. Beard

“Many of my colleagues work in and around St. Louis; they always said how great McKendree was. One of them called me and said McKendree has the perfect position for you!”

From leaving Ohio Dominican University, Dr. Beard believes McKendree is a slight change. Both universities are small liberal arts schools and have many sports teams. The campus teams remind Dr. Beard of her fencing days. She started fencing as a child and grew into a college athlete. Dr. Beard was one of the first groups of women to receive equal college scholarships to men. The setting of Lebanon wasn’t a big change for Dr. Beard either. She grew up in a smaller town than Lebanon in Northwestern Ohio.

“There were more cows than people, believe it or not.”

Before becoming an educator, Beard was an administrator of two Ohio hospitals. During her time at the hospitals she realized an MBA would help her immensely. She spent her time on the non-clinical side of the hospital eventually becoming the Assistant Vice President of Finances. During her time there, the hospital endured a nurse’s strike that almost shut it down. Poor leadership within the hospital caused the strike. Nurses were overworked and underpaid. It took 3 ½ years to turn around after the hospital was on its metaphorical deathbed. By helping turn around the hospital with other administrators, Beard learned the importance of great interpersonal skills and how to use all of the information to make a decision.

Beard’s research helps her to be on the top of her game academically. Beard has given over 30 workshops, her favorite being one on the importance of mindfulness. The workshop teaches teachers how to create a class around being mindful. She has also published a book chapter in the book titled Leveraging Diversity in a Virtual Context: Global Diversity and Cyber-Aggression. In her chapter she discusses working in businesses that have workers in different countries and how to work as a team.

Dr. Beard combines her experiences in the medical field and business world to bring a new perspective to the MBA program at McKendree. The program includes all of the usual business courses, but adds an emphasis on adult education. Dr. Beard’s passion and commitment to students will carry the McKendree University MBA program to the next level.

“My favorite part of my job is interacting with students and being a tiny part of their success.”

New Master’s Program with a New Mastermind Behind It

BY SARAH GOETZE                                                                                                                        Staff Writer

“Study something that you really find interesting, something that you really love. You don’t want it to become just a job. You always want to find something about your job that keeps you interested.” A piece of advice that any college student should cherish from Dr. Webster.

With Dr. Webster’s help as a new Sociology and Criminal Justice professor, McKendree plans to add a master’s program specializing in criminal justice and criminology. Recently, McKendree has seen a lot of interest in the field of criminal justice, one of the most popular fields of study across the nation. “There are plenty of good job opportunities. We could serve existing students and the region,”

Dr. Jennifer Webster

Dr. Jennifer Webster

Before joining the McKendree family, Dr. Webster attended East Tennessee State for her undergraduate program. After undergrad, she transferred to the University of Cincinnati to complete her masters and PhD. Webster loved the university atmosphere, “It reminded me of home. My peers were small town, farming kids, just like me,” she expressed. When asked if McKendree gives her the same sense of home, she quickly agreed.

When it came to Criminal Justice, it was not what she always wanted to study. Entering undergrad, she had chosen to study the field of Pre-med and continue on to be an emergency doctor. After taking her first biology class, she changed her mind instantly. “We studied things about plants and I just wasn’t into it. I could have stuck it out, but the interest just wasn’t there.”

After being introduced to her criminology professor and a push from her family, she switched her major. She took her first criminal justice class as an elective, but thanks to her captivating professor, she was instantly hooked. In the end, Dr. Webster is was more than happy with her decision to switch her field of study. Now as professor of criminology, she can honestly say she’s in love. “There’s just a certain spark”. When asked her favorite part of being a professor, she replied, “Everything. The ability to mentor students one-on-one with nobody standing over your shoulder to make sure you do your work. I get to choose how I spend my time, and the energy on a college campus.”

Dr. Webster is ecstatic to have to opportunity to be a member of the McKendree University family and cannot wait to launch the new graduate program. “I want to be able to help shape it into something that will change lives.”

His Story in the Making

BY ERICA POUR                                                                                                                                     Staff Writer

It’s no secret that new professors have a lot to take in when arriving at a new campus, but McKendree University’s newest history professor, Dr. Joshua S. Haynes, looks like he has things under control. Armed with a Ph.D. in History from the University of Georgia and his experience at Miami of Ohio, Haynes now steps up to the podium at McKendree.

Professor Haynes

Professor Haynes

While sitting in his bare walled newly adopted office, Haynes admits that his first three weeks have been “crazy”. Though busy, he is glad to be at McKendree University, esteeming it as “a different way” of approaching higher education.

Raised in the south, Haynes grew roots in the town of Cherokee, Alabama. In a town named after a Native American tribe, it’s no surprise that this small town is filled to the brim with stereotypical representations of Native Americans. The presence of these stereotypes sparked a fire in Haynes causing him to channel his unhappiness with Native American misrepresentations into a profession. Uneasy with the town’s inaccurate imagery representing “nothing to do with Cherokee culture”, Haynes now specializes in teaching the truth about “Native America”.

Dr. Haynes echoes this truth in McKendree’s classrooms where he lectures in a variety of American History courses. Walking in on one of Hayne’s classes, would look nothing like the average undergraduate lecture. Dr. Haynes creates interactive lessons and says he is looking forward to running his signature pedagogy and seeing how his students respond to his methods the most. Within this pedagogy, each student is assigned a different role to act out within a specific historical event. Dr. Haynes favors this style of teaching because it teaches historical contingency and familiarity with primary resources.

While this active learning tends to spark a creative and competitive urge in students, Haynes lightheartedly remarked that though he encourages his students to come in costume to class, no student has yet taken him up on it. Lessons he teaches using this method include subjects involving Native American Removal and the Trail of Tears. Hayne’s primary concentration on Native Americans or more specifically the Creek Indians made him the perfect candidate to appear on TLC’s “Who Do You Think You Are” in an investigation of Trisha Yearwood’s ancestors, who turned out to be directly involved with Creek Indian conflicts. He has recently been contacted to appear on the show again, but until his pending appearance he will continue to settle into his new office in Carnegie Hall.

[2014-2015] Vol. 93, Iss. 12 The Review Crew



Vol. 93, Iss. 12


Emily Lucia

Taquisha Drisdell
Assistant Editor 

Will Basler
Sports Editor

Editing Team

Emily Lucia
Taquisha Drisdell

In This Issue

Will Basler
Leah Cummins
Taquisha Drisdell
Maggie Mueller
Ashly Schmitt
Jacob Schlote
Lauren Reeves
Natalie Van Booven

The McKendree Review is a student-run organization of McKendree University. The mission of The McKendree Review is to give students the opportunity to learn the news process and publish articles pertaining to their opinions and ideas.

The staff does not agree with all statements and opinions,
which rightfully belong to their writers.

The McKendree Review Office can be found in
Eisenmayer 208 on the McKendree Campus, at
701 College Rd., Lebanon, IL, 62254.

Staff can be reached by email at mckreview@mckendree.edu.

Leditor from the Editor

As the Spring semester winds down we find ourselves bogged down by end of the semester tests, projects and papers. But one thing that always keeps me going is writing and reading. I have been so very blessed this semester that I have had the opportunity to write and edit and read article submissions for The McKendree Review. I was a little worried at the beginning of the semester that we would not get many articles, but as the semester drew on, I was very excited to see that students take to writing articles just as I do. Not because they have to, but because they want to. As you read this last online edition of the semester, remember that this paper would be nothing without the students who write for it. Also it would be nothing if not for you, the readers, who visit this website or pick up a print copy.

Thank you for all of your support!

Happy Reading,
Emily Lucia

New Graduation Requirements

Staff Writer

Two weeks ago, McKendree University announced that they will change the graduation credit requirement from 128 to 120 credits. McKendree thought this adjustment would be a good idea for students, but the students have a few thoughts of their own.

Freshman James Stanley, whom is studying to graduate with an Economics and Finance major with a minor in Environment Studies, believed the change wasn’t very significant. He also thought it all depended on your degree.

“No matter what major you are pursuing, sometimes you will have to take more than 120 or 128 credit hours. It all depends on the degree’s requirements.”

Stanley also believed that the decrease in hours will be a time saver for some students because they wouldn’t need to take the extra elective classes. Overall, Stanley felt indifferent about the credit change, but he is committed to acquire all the credits necessary to graduate with his degrees.

For some students, to gain their degrees like Stanley, they must try to keep their heads in the books and multitask by keeping their heads in the game.

For sophomore Halle Devoe, whom is studying psychology, she must balance the weights of being a good full-time student and playing two sports during her time at McKendree.

However, Devoe believes that the credit reduction falls short in her expectations. From trying to balance her goal-oriented life, she feels unmoved from the administration’s decision. Devoe feels she is not far enough along in her academic career at McKendree. She mentioned that if the reduction were more significant like 15 credits, then she would feel more moved than she currently is. In her life, she is constantly studying and practicing her sports, so she really doesn’t believe that this change will aid her in her efforts.

“It’s not that big of a deal.”

Unlike Stanley and Devoe, some students at McKendree aren’t feeling so indifferent about the university’s administrative decision. Some of McKendree’s 2015 graduating students are upset at the decision being announced so close to their graduation. Senior Ricky Cooper, graduating in May with a degree in psychology, remains unpleased by the credit reduction.

For Cooper, he met his credit requirements a semester ago, but he was unable to graduation because he did not have the significant amount of credits needed. He felt as if he was taking unnecessary classes that didn’t pertain to his program. He believed that if the announcement came earlier, it would have opened more doors for early graduates, thus allowing more students jump into the real job market or graduate school.

Also, Cooper wished the requirement change would have been made before or after this current school year. He thought the announcement’s timing aggravated some of his fellow seniors. However, Cooper wasn’t angered with McKendree because he was able to learn more about his major and will be able to take that knowledge with him.

   “My time wasn’t wasted. It was just long overdue, but I do recommend taking extra classes to better yourself.”

Overall, the time and energy you put into your studies are what really matters when it comes to graduating from McKendree University. Students will always have different opinions about the credit decision, but the end goal should be making sure you are handed your diploma when the time is right for you.

Scotland Here She Comes

Contributing Writer

Elizabeth Gilman

Elizabeth Gilman

Elizabeth “Liz” Gilman is a junior at McKendree University from St. Louis Missouri. She decided to come to McKendree because she was offered a full ride basketball scholarship. After two years of basketball, she decided to focus just on her degree in mathematics through the education program. Now, just being a regular student at McKendree she was a little out of the norm. She then made a decision to do something most students only dream of. Liz applied to study abroad in Europe. For the 2015 spring semester, Liz received the chance to study for the whole semester in Scotland.

McKendree students can apply to take a full semester of college in another country all while still being a McKendree student. “Most of a student’s financial aid will be applied to offset the cost of studying abroad and classes are pre-approved to transfer back into McKendree so that a semester abroad doesn’t delay graduation.”

Liz made the decision to go on this once in lifetime journey three weeks into the 2014 fall semester. There are so many steps to go through to actually begin and eventually experience this journey. She started out by applying to the program here at McKendree. McKendree’s program has to accept you first and foremost.

Once getting accepted, she had to go through interviews with different faculty members, at random. After the interviews and applications were completed, Liz had to apply to Butler University’s study abroad program. McKendree University is too small of a university to have their own study abroad program, so they partnered up with a large university like Butler, which is also known as a host school. She applied to the University of Glasgow in Scotland through The Institute for Study Abroad-Butler University (IFSA), which is the formal name of the program.

After being accepted into IFSA Butler, Liz was required to renew her passport. She didn’t have to get a visa because she was only going to be there for one semester; six months. Since a visa is required to get a job in Scotland, Liz decided it was a no to the $200 visa and planned on saving a lot of money to take on her trip.

Next, she needed to choose all her classes she had to take. “It was a pain choosing

University of Glasgow in Scotland

University of Glasgow in Scotland

classes because all their courses were set up way different then America’s,” stated Liz. They list their courses by levels. In order to choose a certain math class, she had to choose from math level one, level two, level three, and/or level four. There is not different subjects of math like statistics or caculus, just levels. She explains how someone would think a level four class would be the class a student would take their fourth year of college, but that is completely wrong. A level four class is like a second-year graduate level class. Liz is a second-semester junior and a junior level mathematics class compared to the states is a math level one.

Once her classes were finally picked out, she had to get it approved by her advisor, Dr. Alewine, and by McKendree to make sure all her classes would transfer once she gets back. After McKendree approved it, they sent it to Butler who sent it to Glasgow.

She now had to set up her flights, phone service stuff, and pack and soon be on her way to Glasgow.

“I was so thankful my academic scholarship transferred from McKendree to Glasgow because that’s a huge amount taken off my tuition that I thought I was going to have to pay out of pocket,” says Liz. The tuition there was pretty close McKendree’s tuition and the housing was around $3000.

Liz arrived there in January. She was astounded by the school and how beautiful it was. The semester was broken down differently than in the United States. Liz started her classes in January and her last days of regular classes were at the end of March. She then got to travel around Europe during her spring break, which will last all the way until May. Once May rolls around, she will have to take finals. Liz gets the whole month of May to do so.

Liz (right) at the Isle of Seil

Liz (right) at the Isle of Seil

She is enjoying her long spring break because this gives her so much time to travel around Europe. After purchasing an unlimited train ticket for 500 pounds, or $750, Liz is traveling to Paris, Milan, Switzerland, Vienna, Amsterdam, Czechoslovakia, Venice, Frankford, and Rome. “The most amazing place I have been to thus far is Venice. It really is all they talk it up to be; a city built on water,” she explains. She thought Rome was cool, but could not stand the people one bit. They were all very rude and made crude comments the whole time she was there. One man even followed her all around the park. She was surprised that the UK and America were not all that different. “The UK definitely likes their drinks there a lot more. It is natural for every person to drink all the time there. There was no such thing as alcoholism.”

Elizabeth will be returning to the states after finals arriving on May 28th.

The Patriot Act: Still a Good Idea?

Staff Writer

Former U. S. President Calvin Coolidge once said, “Patriotism is easy to understand in America. It means looking out for yourself by looking out for your country.” Nowhere in recent American history has this point become clearer than in the wake of 9/11, especially when the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001—in short, the USA PATRIOT Act—was passed. At the time, it was hailed as the thing we needed to stop terrorism on our own shores. In fact, enthusiasm for the Act was such that former Sen. Russ Feingold (D-Wis.) was the only Senator to reject it.

Now, 14 years later, several sections of the PATRIOT Act are set to expire in June, namely Section 206 (the roving wiretap provision) and Section 215 (the library provision). Section 6001 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorist Prevention Act of 2004 (the lone wolf provision) is also up for consideration. Though the deadline will not pass for another few months, the mere idea of re-authorizing the PATRIOT Act is already an extremely hot topic, both within and without Congress.

Among the people who support re-authorization, Rep. John Conyers (D-Mich.) and Sens. Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.), Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) and Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) are some of the biggest names. On the whole, they all support re-authorization because of the Act’s capacity to stop terrorist activities. Rubio in particular worries that “innocent Americans [will] pay the ultimate price” if the U. S. fails to “develop a strategy that is commensurate to the threat,” which is why he defends the National Security Agency’s spy programs and advocates for permanent re-authorization. McConnell, meanwhile, has said, “. . . now is not the time to be considering legislation that takes away the exact tools we need to combat ISIL.” And the tools are extensive.

The PATRIOT Act’s 10 sections attempt to block potential terrorists. Its scope is huge. Close to 20 laws—going as far back as the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938 and the National Security Act of 1947—have been altered in some way by the Act, whose most sweeping subsections are Title II (Enhanced Surveillance Procedures), Title III (Anti-Money Laundering to Prevent Terrorism), and Title IV (Border Security). Put briefly, Title II aims to scrutinize suspected terrorists, suspected computer abuse or fraud and suspected activity from foreign spies; Title III aims to stop, catch and indict money laundering, which could help fund terrorism; and Title IV aims to empower the U. S. Attorney General and the Immigration and Naturalization Service even more than in the past.

At former Rep. Richard Armey’s (R-Texas) urging, the PATRIOT Act contained several sunset provisions that were supposed to expire on Dec. 31, 2005. Unfortunately, in July of that year, both houses of Congress passed the USA PATRIOT and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2005, which not only re-authorized all but two of Title II’s sunset provisions (including Sections 206 and 215) but also created new provisions, such as giving the Secret Service new powers and enhancing seaport security. The Act would be re-authorized again in 2006 and 2011, this last time with an extension of four years.

I highlight Sections 206 and 215 because of their significance to the people who oppose re-authorization, including the Cato Institute, the American Civil Liberties Union, the American Library Association and the Electronic Frontier Foundation. These groups all argue in so many words that the PATRIOT Act, in its enthusiasm to find terrorists by any means necessary, threatens to override the protections of the Bill of Rights. The ALA said as much in its statement on the Act, which reads in part, “Libraries cooperate with law enforcement when presented with a lawful court order to obtain specific information about specific patrons; however, the library profession is concerned [that] some provisions in the USA PATRIOT Act go beyond the traditional methods of seeking information from libraries.” In other words, the PATRIOT Act’s broad capacities to find potential terrorists worries the ALA, as it worries the other aforesaid groups; and Sections 206 and 215 worry them the most

Section 206, known as the “roving John Doe wiretap” section, lets the government acquire surveillance orders that conceal who will be wiretapped, whether that “who” is a person or an organization. Presumably, such anonymity would allow law-enforcement agencies to do their work without alerting potential terrorists or alarming the public. However, the lack of identification allows feelings and hunches, rather than hard data, to guide searches, which conflicts with the Fourth Amendment’s rules about searches and seizures. Without names or other markers, The Big Lebowski’s premise could repeat itself many times over.

Meanwhile, Section 215, known as the library provision, lets the government acquire “any tangible thing” that could help a terrorism investigation, even without any indications that the thing(s) in question have to do with terrorist undertakings. Again, such broadness would presumably allow law enforcement to get their hands on as much evidence to build a case as possible. After all, when a man was arrested in D. C. for supposedly planning a shooting spree, House Speaker John Boehner said, “We would never have known about this had it not been for the FISA program and our ability to collect information on people who pose an imminent threat.” (FISA refers to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978, which underwent major changes because of the PATRIOT Act.) However, the lack of specificity remains a problem, as it also conflicts with the Fourth Amendment’s “searches and seizures” clause. As it stands, Section 215 enables the National Security Agency to collect telephone records in bulk without first checking whether those records even pertain to national security.

By now, it should be evident that the PATRIOT Act is both comprehensive and incomprehensible, considering that it tries to tackle a broad threat with broad words. If, like Sen. Rubio, you believe that “the world is as dangerous as ever, and extremists are being cultivated and recruited right here at home,” then you can stop reading this article now. On the other hand, if the Act’s broadness bothers you, then you can take comfort in knowing that you are very far from alone. From the beginning, opponents of the Act pointed out the opportunistic nature of its passing. Another red flag, as pointed out by Michael Moore in Fahrenheit 9/11 and by Dahlia Litwick and Julia Turne in Slate magazine, is that hardly anybody in Congress read the bill. Thus, hardly anybody in Congress would know what the Act says about combating terrorism.

Besides, the broadness of the PATRIOT Act is worrying in yet another way, but this particular worry has to do with the nature of political writing. In April 1946, just after the end of WWII, George Orwell published his essay “Politics and the English Language,” which says in part, “In our time, political speech and writing are largely the defence of the indefensible. Things like the continuance of British rule in India, the Russian purges and deportations, the dropping of the atom bombs on Japan, can indeed be defended, but only by arguments which are too brutal for most people to face, and which do not square with the professed aims of the political parties. Thus political language has to consist largely of euphemism, question-begging and sheer cloudy vagueness.” In other words, even if Congress had read and debated the bill that became the PATRIOT Act, the Act itself would still have been subject to the influence of the party line. Therefore, imprecise and evasive writing would still have been a danger.

Sen. Rubio and the ALA are both right to worry about their fellow Americans’ fates, but the Act’s attempts at broadness—at least without any meaningful checks and balances—try too hard to do too much for too many people.

Who is ISIS?

Understanding the Importance of
Keeping Up-to-Date with the News

Contributing Writer

Until I took American Politics this semester, I never realized how many current events about which I did not learn. I noticed that a lot of college students ignore politics and say it does not apply to them (not including students majoring or interested in political science; this is just a generalization). However, many college students do not have a grip on current events. I personally am guilty of not always knowing what is going on in the world, but I still try to follow the news channels and see major events. After hearing the news every day in American Politics, I notice exactly how much I have missed when I do not take the time to learn about the daily news. Scrolling on Facebook or occasionally turning on the news is not enough for one to be completely caught up. It takes a little more. Currently, there is a large issue I think everyone has heard about, but not everyone has taken time to see what they do, and why they do it—the extremist group ISIS.

This terrorist group is led by a man named Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. The group controls territory in Iraq and Syria and has deemed themselves to be the Islamic State (IS), of which the United Nations does not approve. Their official name, “ISIS,” stands for the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria and was created in 2013, and they have also been called “ISIL” which stands for Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. ISIS originally stemmed from Al-Qaeda of Iraq (AQI), but after a period of crisis in 2008 and 2009, their old leader Omar Al-Baghdadi was martyred, and this was when their current leader rose to power. They lost connection to AQI in this period.

ISIS’s goal is to expand and establish their Islamic state. One strategy ISIS has done to make money is to threaten and steal money from banks. Recently (especially as shown in the media), ISIS has changed tactics. They now show videos of people in ISIS doing horrible things, such as beheading people and killing targeted groups. They have committed many war crimes as well as killed soldiers and religious or minority groups. The group has been held together by their ideas and beliefs in certain figures to keep moral up. ISIS’s strong foundation – built upon resentment of the Sunni branch of Islam – recruits new followers and keeps their plans moving forward.

Now, ISIS’s strategy is to capture cities and create operations to strengthen their group. There have been a number of suicide bombers, decapitations of Egyptian Christians, followers throwing a gay man off a roof as well as killing women for not subjecting to the rules, and much more.

In 2014, ISIS has killed 17,049 civilians according to CNN. This number continues to rise even with the United States current airstrikes against ISIS. The big question is should the United States send ground troops to fight against ISIS? Many Americans feel as though this idea will end in failure, others feel sending troops overseas is unavoidable. According to CBS News, 65 percent of Americans view ISIS as a threat as of February 2015. There are also some statistics that show more Americans becoming in favor of sending troops as the situation worsens and more people are killed.

Many people make decisions on ISIS without knowing the entire; this shows that knowing current events is important to forming opinions and being able to discuss these matters with other Americans. It is also important to read a couple different articles on the same subject. Different journalists write to persuade differently and also include different aspects of the story on purpose. Not to say it is wrong, but it is always helpful to gain a bigger perspective than just one opinion. Keeping up on current events, such as ISIS, is definitely important, especially as ISIS gains power and US involvement becomes a possibility.